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Various - Troubadours Troubadours - Folk And The Roots Of American Music Vol. 3 (3-CD)

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catalog number: BCD17403

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Various - Troubadours: Troubadours - Folk And The Roots Of American Music Vol. 3 (3-CD)

Video von Various - Troubadours - Troubadours - Folk And The Roots Of American Music Vol. 3 (3-CD)

3-CD Digipak mit 112-seitigem Booklet, 63 Einzeltitel. Gesamtspieldauer ca. 233 Minuten

Along with folklorist Alan Lomax, Pete Seeger was a primary figure in seeding and shaping the American folk music revival. He never viewed himself as an entertainer, nor was he particularly comfortable as a solo performer. Yet his evangelical zeal for folk music and progressive social change inspired and nurtured three generations of singer-songwriters.

Born May 3, 1919 in New York City, Pete Seeger was the third and youngest son of Charles and Constance Seeger, instructors at the New York Institute of Musical Art. The couple divorced when Peter was eight years old. In 1932 Charles married his student, Ruth Crawford, now hailed as a major 20th century composer. The couple had four children; of them, Mike and Peggy Seeger also became significant figures in American folk music.

In summer 1936, Charles and Ruth took the 17-year-old Peter to the 'Mountain Dance And Folk Festival' near Asheville, North Carolina. The youth was fascinated by the square dances and especially Bascom Lamar Lunsford's and Samantha Bumgarner's driving five-string banjo styles. Seeger spent the next five years perfecting his own banjo technique.

After dropping out of Harvard University, Seeger became involved with folk music, labor organizing and politics. Alan Lomax encouraged the youth, hiring him to catalog race and old-time music recordings held by the Archive of American Folk Song in the Library of Congress. As Seeger's confidence and musical skills grew, Lomax invited him to participate on his CBS radio show. In March 1940 Seeger met balladeer Woody Guthrie at a New York fundraiser for displaced migrant workers.

In January 1941 Seeger, Lee Hays and Millard Lampell formed the Almanac Singers, performing folk songs and incisive topical songs at meetings, private functions, and labor rallies. Singing in natural, unaffected voices and driven by Seeger's clawhammer banjo, the Almanacs fused the essence and excitement of rural Southern string bands with the passion of labor songs and the dry, clever wit of New York's cabaret entertainers. This appealing music hybrid defined the sound and style of the American folk revival, and their records inspired a generation of young musicians. During the group's brief existence, the Almanac Singers' revolving roster included Woody Guthrie, Brownie McGhee, Sonny Terry, Josh White, Bess Lomax Hawes and Agnes 'Sis' Cunningham.

While serving in the army during World War II, Seeger envisioned a national movement unifying songwriters, performers, choral leaders and labor unions into a force for political and social change. After returning to New York in fall 1945, Seeger formed People's Songs. Initially drawing upon members of New York's leftist folk, theatrical and literary scenes, the organization soon opened offices in Los Angeles, Chicago and Cleveland. Two years after its founding, 2,000 folk music enthusiasts attended People's Songs' first national convention in New York.

However, People's Songs emerged as anti-Communist fervor grasped America. Many activists within the movement were or had been members of the American Communist Party. In 1948, People's Songs embraced the third-party Presidential bid of former Vice-President Henry Wallace, who advocated co-operation with the Soviet Union. Members who mistrusted the Communists broke away from the movement, while those who remained – particularly Seeger – became easy targets for right-wing zealots.

The Wallace campaign bankrupted People's Songs. To pay off its debts, the remaining activists held a fund-raising hootenanny at a New York theater in late November 1948. To accompany a folk dance ensemble, Seeger recruited guitarist Fred Hellerman, his old Almanac Singers vocalist and song leader Lee Hays, and contralto Ronnie Gilbert. The quartet clicked musically and further rehearsals refined their sound. Although they had no long-range professional aspirations, the group performed at labor functions, political rallies and on Oscar Brand's WNYC radio show, eventually adopting the name The Weavers. In December 1949 the group reluctantly accepted a week-long engagement at the Village Vanguard, a popular lower Manhattan cabaret. The response led owner Max Gordon to extend the booking through June. , Orchestra leader Gordon Jenkins caught the Weavers at the Vanguard and brokered a Decca recording contract. Their first record with Jenkins, Goodnight, Irene backed with Tzena, Tzena, Tzena, unexpectedly became 1950's biggest hit.

As their visibility rose, so did the ire of the watchdogs on the right. Harvey Matuso, a former People's Songs volunteer who fancied himself as a master of espionage, warned the FBI about the Weavers' Communist affiliations. 'Red Channels' cited Seeger for 13 Communist affiliations. Television appearances were cancelled when callers threatened sponsors with boycotts. The Knights of Columbus forced the Ohio State Fair to pull the Weavers' booking; the incident received national publicity. American Legion posts in various cities harassed nightclub owners that booked the Weavers. With each new Decca release, airplay dwindled. By 1952 the group formally disbanded, although it reunited sporadically for concerts after 1955.

Seeger resumed his solo performances, primarily in front of appreciative college audiences. He remained a target of right-wing super patriots. On August 18, 1955, Seeger was subpoenaed to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee. A polite but hostile witness, he refused to answer questions about his personal and political associations. His stance led to a March 26, 1957, indictment for contempt of Congress. For the next five years Seeger was obligated to notify the federal government whenever he left the Southern District of New York. In March 1961 a jury found Seeger guilty and he was sentenced to 10 years in prison. The first four tracks in this collection were recorded during this period of uncertainty.

Oh, Had I A Golden Thread appeared on Seeger's 1960 Folkways collection 'Rainbow Quest.' Seeger later used it as the theme for his mid-'60s public television series. That album also yielded one of Seeger's best-loved songs, Where Have All The Flowers Gone. He wrote it in October 1955, basing it on three lines from a Ukrainian folksong Mikhail Sholokhov quoted in his 1934 novel 'And Quiet Flows The Don.' He introduced his three-verse version at an Oberlin College concert, sang it for about a year, then set it aside until he recorded it in 1959.

Joe Hickerson, later director of the Archive of Folk Song at the American Folklife Center of the Library of Congress, attended that Oberlin concert. Hickerson was an Indiana University folklore student in early 1960 when Folkways released Seeger's 'Rainbow Quest' album. He began singing Where Have All The Flowers Gone around Bloomington coffeehouses and hootenannies. Feeling the song was too short for audience participation, Hickerson wrote two additional verses followed by a repeat of the first verse. He introduced his expanded circular version the following summer at Camp Woodland, a progressive youth camp in New York's Catskill Mountains. At the end of the season, the staff and campers brought the song to New York City, where Peter Yarrow, Noel Stookey and Mary Travers learned it for their first album as Peter, Paul and Mary. The Kingston Trio learned it from them, beating them in the marketplace with a quickly recorded single.

Another CD-album from the Bear Family Records - Roots & Folk Music - Troubadours - Folk And The Roots Of American Music -


 

Songs

Various - Troubadours - Troubadours - Folk And The Roots Of American Music Vol. 3 (3-CD) Medium 1
1: Oh, Had I A Golden Thread Pete Seeger
2: Where Have All The Flowers Gone? Pete Seeger
3: Last Night I Had The Strangest Dream Pete Seeger
4: The Bells Of Rhymney Pete Seeger
5: Turn! Turn! Turn! Pete Seeger
6: Song Of The Punch Press Operator Pete Seeger
7: Waist Deep In The Big Muddy Pete Seeger
8: From Way Up Here Pete Seeger
9: The Clearwater Pete Seeger
10: Last Train To Nuremberg Pete Seeger
11: Hobo's Lullaby Pete Seeger
12: What Have They Done To The Rain? Joan Baez
13: We Shall Overcome Joan Baez
14: Farewell, Angelina Joan Baez
15: Daddy, You've Been On My Mind Joan Baez
16: Legend Of A Girl Child Linda Baez, Joan & Fariña, M & Collins, J
17: The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down Joan Baez
18: Diamonds And Rust Joan Baez
19: Now That The Buffalo's Gone
20: Cod'ine
21: The Universal Soldier
22: Until It's Time For You To Go
23: The Piney Wood Hills
24: My Country 'tis Of Thy People You're Dying
Various - Troubadours - Troubadours - Folk And The Roots Of American Music Vol. 3 (3-CD) Medium 2
1: On The Road Again Tom Rush
2: No Regrets Tom Rush
3: Merrimack County Tom Rush
4: Joshua Gone Barbados Eric Von Schmidt
5: Light Rain Eric Von Schmidt
6: Won't You Tell Me Mitch Greenhill
7: Highway 301 Blues Mitch Greenhill
8: One Morning In May Keith, Bill & Rooney, Jim
9: Kentucky Moonshiner Keith, Bill & Rooney, Jim  
10: Three Songs / A Look At The Ragtime Era (Sister Kate's Night Out) Jim Kweskin & The Jug Band  
11: Ginger Man Geoff Muldaur  
12: Minglewood The Jim Kweskin Jug Band  
13: Garden Of Joy The Jim Kweskin Jug Band  
14: Midnight At The Oasis Maria Muldaur  
15: South Coast Jack Elliott  
16: San Francisco Bay Blues Jack Elliott  
17: Coming In To Los Angeles Arlo Guthrie  
18: Percy's Song Arlo Guthrie  
19: Alice's Restaurant Arlo Guthrie  
Various - Troubadours - Troubadours - Folk And The Roots Of American Music Vol. 3 (3-CD) Medium 3
1: Daydream The Lovin' Spoonful  
2: Younger Girl The Lovin' Spoonful  
3: Darlin' Companion The Lovin' Spoonful  
4: Hey Joe (You Shot Your Woman Down) Tim Rose  
5: Louise Paul Siebel  
6: Any Day Woman Paul Siebel  
7: Sunshine Jonathan Edwards  
8: Shanty Jonathan Edwards  
9: You Don't Mess Around With Jim Jim Croce  
10: Time In A Bottle Jim Croce  
11: Bad, Bad Leroy Brown Jim Croce  
12: Operator (That's Not The Way It Feels) Jim Croce  
13: I Got A Name Jim Croce  
14: The Holdup David Bromberg  
15: Danger Man David Bromberg  
16: Lay Down (Candles In The Rain) Melanie  
17: What Have They Done To My Song, Ma Melanie  
18: A Brand New Key Melanie  
19: Taxi Harry Chapin  
20: Cat's In The Cradle Harry Chapin  

 

Artikeleigenschaften von Various - Troubadours: Troubadours - Folk And The Roots Of American Music Vol. 3 (3-CD)

  • Interpret: Various - Troubadours

  • Albumtitel: Troubadours - Folk And The Roots Of American Music Vol. 3 (3-CD)

  • Format CD
  • Genre Folk

  • Edition 2 Deluxe Edition
  • Title Vol.3, Folk And The Roots Of American Music (3-CD)
  • Label Bear Family Productions

  • Price code CP
  • SubGenre Folk Music - General

  • EAN: 5397102174032

  • weight in Kg 0.250
 
 

Artist description "Various - Troubadours"

Troubadours

Folk And The Roots Of American Music

While some observers often see Jackson Browne, Bob Dylan, Carole King, Joni Mitchell and James Taylor as the founders of America's contemporary singer-songwriter movement, the tradition actually dates back to the mid-19th century. The Hutchison Family of Milford, New Hampshire toured the United States singing religious and secular songs supporting numerous populist causes. In the years before World War I, Joe Hill and Ralph Chaplin refashioned traditional songs and hymns into biting anthems for the Industrial Workers of the World.

During the early '20s, Bentley Ball gave recitals of Appalachian ballads, Cowboy songs and Native American material to fascinated urban audiences. In 1920 he made the first recordings of such folk standards as Jesse James and The Dying Cowboy. Four years later Marion Try Slaughter, a Texas-born light opera singer who performed under the name Vernon Dalhart, recorded twangy versions of The Wreck Of The Southern 97 and The Prisoner's Song. Though hardly authentic, it caught the public ear and sold hundreds of thousands of records.

Two Tin Pan Alley writers exploited that success by penning folk-flavored songs inspired by some current event. Carson Robison, a Kansas native who played guitar on Dalhart's record, used a moralistic template for songs about train wrecks and natural disasters. Bob Miller, who hailed from Memphis, penned songs that addressed populist issues. Miller's left-leaning songs like Eleven Cent Cotton and Forty Cent Meat anticipated the People's Songs movement of the late '40s.

Folk songs continued making inroads into American popular culture during the Jazz Age of the '20s. Millions of radio listeners tuned into the Chicago-based WLS every Saturday night to hear 'The National Barn Dance' and its sweet-voiced Kentucky balladeer Bradley Kincaid sing Barbara Allen or The Blue Tailed Fly. John Allison organized a trio that introduced folk material over New York's WNYC as early as 1927. Recordings intended for Southern listeners occasionally migrated to urban audiences in the north. The better-selling Victor Records by Jimmie Rodgers and the Carter Family crossed Southern borders; some of their titles were issued in Europe and Australia, and even India.

While singers like Goebel Reeves never became household names, their recordings inspired a handful of performers that would change popular music.

 
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