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Various - Troubadours Troubadours - Folk And The Roots Of American Music Vol. 3 (3-CD)

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3-CD Digipak mit 112-seitigem Booklet, 63 Einzeltitel. Gesamtspieldauer ca. 233 Minuten Along... more

Various - Troubadours: Troubadours - Folk And The Roots Of American Music Vol. 3 (3-CD)

3-CD Digipak mit 112-seitigem Booklet, 63 Einzeltitel. Gesamtspieldauer ca. 233 Minuten

Along with folklorist Alan Lomax, Pete Seeger was a primary figure in seeding and shaping the American folk music revival. He never viewed himself as an entertainer, nor was he particularly comfortable as a solo performer. Yet his evangelical zeal for folk music and progressive social change inspired and nurtured three generations of singer-songwriters.

Born May 3, 1919 in New York City, Pete Seeger was the third and youngest son of Charles and Constance Seeger, instructors at the New York Institute of Musical Art. The couple divorced when Peter was eight years old. In 1932 Charles married his student, Ruth Crawford, now hailed as a major 20th century composer. The couple had four children; of them, Mike and Peggy Seeger also became significant figures in American folk music.

In summer 1936, Charles and Ruth took the 17-year-old Peter to the 'Mountain Dance And Folk Festival' near Asheville, North Carolina. The youth was fascinated by the square dances and especially Bascom Lamar Lunsford's and Samantha Bumgarner's driving five-string banjo styles. Seeger spent the next five years perfecting his own banjo technique.

After dropping out of Harvard University, Seeger became involved with folk music, labor organizing and politics. Alan Lomax encouraged the youth, hiring him to catalog race and old-time music recordings held by the Archive of American Folk Song in the Library of Congress. As Seeger's confidence and musical skills grew, Lomax invited him to participate on his CBS radio show. In March 1940 Seeger met balladeer Woody Guthrie at a New York fundraiser for displaced migrant workers.

In January 1941 Seeger, Lee Hays and Millard Lampell formed the Almanac Singers, performing folk songs and incisive topical songs at meetings, private functions, and labor rallies. Singing in natural, unaffected voices and driven by Seeger's clawhammer banjo, the Almanacs fused the essence and excitement of rural Southern string bands with the passion of labor songs and the dry, clever wit of New York's cabaret entertainers. This appealing music hybrid defined the sound and style of the American folk revival, and their records inspired a generation of young musicians. During the group's brief existence, the Almanac Singers' revolving roster included Woody Guthrie, Brownie McGhee, Sonny Terry, Josh White, Bess Lomax Hawes and Agnes 'Sis' Cunningham.

While serving in the army during World War II, Seeger envisioned a national movement unifying songwriters, performers, choral leaders and labor unions into a force for political and social change. After returning to New York in fall 1945, Seeger formed People's Songs. Initially drawing upon members of New York's leftist folk, theatrical and literary scenes, the organization soon opened offices in Los Angeles, Chicago and Cleveland. Two years after its founding, 2,000 folk music enthusiasts attended People's Songs' first national convention in New York.

However, People's Songs emerged as anti-Communist fervor grasped America. Many activists within the movement were or had been members of the American Communist Party. In 1948, People's Songs embraced the third-party Presidential bid of former Vice-President Henry Wallace, who advocated co-operation with the Soviet Union. Members who mistrusted the Communists broke away from the movement, while those who remained – particularly Seeger – became easy targets for right-wing zealots.

The Wallace campaign bankrupted People's Songs. To pay off its debts, the remaining activists held a fund-raising hootenanny at a New York theater in late November 1948. To accompany a folk dance ensemble, Seeger recruited guitarist Fred Hellerman, his old Almanac Singers vocalist and song leader Lee Hays, and contralto Ronnie Gilbert. The quartet clicked musically and further rehearsals refined their sound. Although they had no long-range professional aspirations, the group performed at labor functions, political rallies and on Oscar Brand's WNYC radio show, eventually adopting the name The Weavers. In December 1949 the group reluctantly accepted a week-long engagement at the Village Vanguard, a popular lower Manhattan cabaret. The response led owner Max Gordon to extend the booking through June. , Orchestra leader Gordon Jenkins caught the Weavers at the Vanguard and brokered a Decca recording contract. Their first record with Jenkins, Goodnight, Irene backed with Tzena, Tzena, Tzena, unexpectedly became 1950's biggest hit.

As their visibility rose, so did the ire of the watchdogs on the right. Harvey Matuso, a former People's Songs volunteer who fancied himself as a master of espionage, warned the FBI about the Weavers' Communist affiliations. 'Red Channels' cited Seeger for 13 Communist affiliations. Television appearances were cancelled when callers threatened sponsors with boycotts. The Knights of Columbus forced the Ohio State Fair to pull the Weavers' booking; the incident received national publicity. American Legion posts in various cities harassed nightclub owners that booked the Weavers. With each new Decca release, airplay dwindled. By 1952 the group formally disbanded, although it reunited sporadically for concerts after 1955.

Seeger resumed his solo performances, primarily in front of appreciative college audiences. He remained a target of right-wing super patriots. On August 18, 1955, Seeger was subpoenaed to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee. A polite but hostile witness, he refused to answer questions about his personal and political associations. His stance led to a March 26, 1957, indictment for contempt of Congress. For the next five years Seeger was obligated to notify the federal government whenever he left the Southern District of New York. In March 1961 a jury found Seeger guilty and he was sentenced to 10 years in prison. The first four tracks in this collection were recorded during this period of uncertainty.

Oh, Had I A Golden Thread appeared on Seeger's 1960 Folkways collection 'Rainbow Quest.' Seeger later used it as the theme for his mid-'60s public television series. That album also yielded one of Seeger's best-loved songs, Where Have All The Flowers Gone. He wrote it in October 1955, basing it on three lines from a Ukrainian folksong Mikhail Sholokhov quoted in his 1934 novel 'And Quiet Flows The Don.' He introduced his three-verse version at an Oberlin College concert, sang it for about a year, then set it aside until he recorded it in 1959.

Joe Hickerson, later director of the Archive of Folk Song at the American Folklife Center of the Library of Congress, attended that Oberlin concert. Hickerson was an Indiana University folklore student in early 1960 when Folkways released Seeger's 'Rainbow Quest' album. He began singing Where Have All The Flowers Gone around Bloomington coffeehouses and hootenannies. Feeling the song was too short for audience participation, Hickerson wrote two additional verses followed by a repeat of the first verse. He introduced his expanded circular version the following summer at Camp Woodland, a progressive youth camp in New York's Catskill Mountains. At the end of the season, the staff and campers brought the song to New York City, where Peter Yarrow, Noel Stookey and Mary Travers learned it for their first album as Peter, Paul and Mary. The Kingston Trio learned it from them, beating them in the marketplace with a quickly recorded single.

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Article properties: Various - Troubadours: Troubadours - Folk And The Roots Of American Music Vol. 3 (3-CD)

  • Interpret: Various - Troubadours

  • Album titlle: Troubadours - Folk And The Roots Of American Music Vol. 3 (3-CD)

  • Genre Folk

  • Price code CP
  • Label Bear Family Productions

  • Edition 2 Deluxe Edition
  • Artikelart CD

  • EAN: 5397102174032

  • weight in Kg 0.25
Various - Troubadours - Troubadours - Folk And The Roots Of American Music Vol. 3 (3-CD) CD 1
01 Oh, Had I A Golden Thread Pete Seeger
02 Where Have All The Flowers Gone? Pete Seeger
03 Last Night I Had The Strangest Dream Pete Seeger
04 The Bells Of Rhymney Pete Seeger
05 Turn! Turn! Turn! Pete Seeger
06 Song Of The Punch Press Operator Pete Seeger
07 Waist Deep In The Big Muddy Pete Seeger
08 From Way Up Here Pete Seeger
09 The Clearwater Pete Seeger
10 Last Train To Nuremberg Pete Seeger
11 Hobo's Lullaby Pete Seeger
12 What Have They Done To The Rain? Joan Baez
13 We Shall Overcome Joan Baez
14 Farewell, Angelina Joan Baez
15 Daddy, You've Been On My Mind Joan Baez
16 Legend Of A Girl Child Linda Baez, Joan & Fariña, M & Collins, J
17 The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down Joan Baez
18 Diamonds And Rust Joan Baez
19 Now That The Buffalo's Gone
20 Cod'ine
21 The Universal Soldier
22 Until It's Time For You To Go
23 The Piney Wood Hills
24 My Country 'tis Of Thy People You're Dying
Various - Troubadours - Troubadours - Folk And The Roots Of American Music Vol. 3 (3-CD) CD 2
01 On The Road Again Tom Rush
02 No Regrets Tom Rush
03 Merrimack County Tom Rush
04 Joshua Gone Barbados Eric Von Schmidt
05 Light Rain Eric Von Schmidt
06 Won't You Tell Me Mitch Greenhill
07 Highway 301 Blues Mitch Greenhill
08 One Morning In May Keith, Bill & Rooney, Jim
09 Kentucky Moonshiner Keith, Bill & Rooney, Jim
10 Three Songs / A Look At The Ragtime Era (Sister Kate's Night Out) Jim Kweskin & The Jug Band
11 Ginger Man Geoff Muldaur
12 Minglewood The Jim Kweskin Jug Band
13 Garden Of Joy The Jim Kweskin Jug Band
14 Midnight At The Oasis Maria Muldaur
15 South Coast Jack Elliott
16 San Francisco Bay Blues Jack Elliott
17 Coming In To Los Angeles Arlo Guthrie
18 Percy's Song Arlo Guthrie
19 Alice's Restaurant Arlo Guthrie
Various - Troubadours - Troubadours - Folk And The Roots Of American Music Vol. 3 (3-CD) CD 3
01 Daydream The Lovin' Spoonful
02 Younger Girl The Lovin' Spoonful
03 Darlin' Companion The Lovin' Spoonful
04 Hey Joe (You Shot Your Woman Down) Tim Rose
05 Louise Paul Siebel
06 Any Day Woman Paul Siebel
07 Sunshine Jonathan Edwards
08 Shanty Jonathan Edwards
09 You Don't Mess Around With Jim Jim Croce
10 Time In A Bottle Jim Croce
11 Bad, Bad Leroy Brown Jim Croce
12 Operator (That's Not The Way It Feels) Jim Croce
13 I Got A Name Jim Croce
14 The Holdup David Bromberg
15 Danger Man David Bromberg
16 Lay Down (Candles In The Rain) Melanie
17 What Have They Done To My Song, Ma Melanie
18 A Brand New Key Melanie
19 Taxi Harry Chapin
20 Cat's In The Cradle Harry Chapin
Troubadours Folk And The Roots Of American Music While some observers often see Jackson... more
"Various - Troubadours"

Troubadours

Folk And The Roots Of American Music

While some observers often see Jackson Browne, Bob Dylan, Carole King, Joni Mitchell and James Taylor as the founders of America's contemporary singer-songwriter movement, the tradition actually dates back to the mid-19th century. The Hutchison Family of Milford, New Hampshire toured the United States singing religious and secular songs supporting numerous populist causes. In the years before World War I, Joe Hill and Ralph Chaplin refashioned traditional songs and hymns into biting anthems for the Industrial Workers of the World.

During the early '20s, Bentley Ball gave recitals of Appalachian ballads, Cowboy songs and Native American material to fascinated urban audiences. In 1920 he made the first recordings of such folk standards as Jesse James and The Dying Cowboy. Four years later Marion Try Slaughter, a Texas-born light opera singer who performed under the name Vernon Dalhart, recorded twangy versions of The Wreck Of The Southern 97 and The Prisoner's Song. Though hardly authentic, it caught the public ear and sold hundreds of thousands of records.

Two Tin Pan Alley writers exploited that success by penning folk-flavored songs inspired by some current event. Carson Robison, a Kansas native who played guitar on Dalhart's record, used a moralistic template for songs about train wrecks and natural disasters. Bob Miller, who hailed from Memphis, penned songs that addressed populist issues. Miller's left-leaning songs like Eleven Cent Cotton and Forty Cent Meat anticipated the People's Songs movement of the late '40s.

Folk songs continued making inroads into American popular culture during the Jazz Age of the '20s. Millions of radio listeners tuned into the Chicago-based WLS every Saturday night to hear 'The National Barn Dance' and its sweet-voiced Kentucky balladeer Bradley Kincaid sing Barbara Allen or The Blue Tailed Fly. John Allison organized a trio that introduced folk material over New York's WNYC as early as 1927. Recordings intended for Southern listeners occasionally migrated to urban audiences in the north. The better-selling Victor Records by Jimmie Rodgers and the Carter Family crossed Southern borders; some of their titles were issued in Europe and Australia, and even India.

While singers like Goebel Reeves never became household names, their recordings inspired a handful of performers that would change popular music.

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Tracklist
Various - Troubadours - Troubadours - Folk And The Roots Of American Music Vol. 3 (3-CD) CD 1
01 Oh, Had I A Golden Thread
02 Where Have All The Flowers Gone?
03 Last Night I Had The Strangest Dream
04 The Bells Of Rhymney
05 Turn! Turn! Turn!
06 Song Of The Punch Press Operator
07 Waist Deep In The Big Muddy
08 From Way Up Here
09 The Clearwater
10 Last Train To Nuremberg
11 Hobo's Lullaby
12 What Have They Done To The Rain?
13 We Shall Overcome
14 Farewell, Angelina
15 Daddy, You've Been On My Mind
16 Legend Of A Girl Child Linda
17 The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down
18 Diamonds And Rust
19 Now That The Buffalo's Gone
20 Cod'ine
21 The Universal Soldier
22 Until It's Time For You To Go
23 The Piney Wood Hills
24 My Country 'tis Of Thy People You're Dying
Various - Troubadours - Troubadours - Folk And The Roots Of American Music Vol. 3 (3-CD) CD 2
01 On The Road Again
02 No Regrets
03 Merrimack County
04 Joshua Gone Barbados
05 Light Rain
06 Won't You Tell Me
07 Highway 301 Blues
08 One Morning In May
09 Kentucky Moonshiner
10 Three Songs / A Look At The Ragtime Era (Sister Kate's Night Out)
11 Ginger Man
12 Minglewood
13 Garden Of Joy
14 Midnight At The Oasis
15 South Coast
16 San Francisco Bay Blues
17 Coming In To Los Angeles
18 Percy's Song
19 Alice's Restaurant
Various - Troubadours - Troubadours - Folk And The Roots Of American Music Vol. 3 (3-CD) CD 3
01 Daydream
02 Younger Girl
03 Darlin' Companion
04 Hey Joe (You Shot Your Woman Down)
05 Louise
06 Any Day Woman
07 Sunshine
08 Shanty
09 You Don't Mess Around With Jim
10 Time In A Bottle
11 Bad, Bad Leroy Brown
12 Operator (That's Not The Way It Feels)
13 I Got A Name
14 The Holdup
15 Danger Man
16 Lay Down (Candles In The Rain)
17 What Have They Done To My Song, Ma
18 A Brand New Key
19 Taxi
20 Cat's In The Cradle