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Gospel Music

Stripped of their cultural heritage through slavery, the early Afro-Americans found the Church the only institution able to explain and mollify their new position. The simple life-after-death theology, delivered through par­able preaching and inspirational singing, enabled the Black Churches to flourish through the 19th century. They `Afri­canized' the early Anglican hymns in aural transmission, transmuting and reassembling them into the Negro Spirituals — the call and unison response of 'Swing Low, Sweet Chariot', the long sustained melody of 'Nobody Knows The Trouble' and the syncopated claprhythmic 'Shout All Over God's Heaven'.

The early 20th century upsurge of fundamental, sancti­fied and holiness churches in the dehumanizing industrial ghettos brought ecstatic, testifying shouts, holy dancing and musical instruments into church music. Reflecting this, the pre-depression recording boom waxed a wide range of styles of religious material, from Rev. J. M. Gates' short sermons and answering congregation, to the piano-playing evangelist singer, Arizona Dranes, to the religious blues of guitarist Blind Willie Johnson and the ruggedly harmonised versions of the spirituals by Jubilee Quartets like the Golden Gate and the Norfolk Quartets.

In the Thirties, traditional spirituals were supplanted by new gospel material. Earlier, Rev. Charles A. Tindley had published 'Stand By Me' and 'Understand It Better By and By' and Lucie Campbell produced 'Something Within Me' and 'In The Upper Room', but Thomas A. Dorsey (aka Georgia Tom) is regarded as the Father of Gospel Music. In 1932, he co-founded the National Convention of Gospel Singers which promoted the spread of material like his own `Precious Lord' and 'Peace In The Valley'. With performers like Sallie Martin, Roberta Martin and Mahalia Jackson pushing them, the sentimental, optimistic blue-note ridden gospel numbers swept the nation, finding white acceptance through artists like Red Foley and the Stamps-Baxter Quar­tet.

Though Mahalia was the 'Gospel Queen', others were important. Willie Mae Ford Smith, an instructress at Dor­sey's Conventions, taught many younger singers, like Brother Joe May, the improvising slurs, note bending and rephrasing techniques of gospel, while Sister Rosetta Tharpe took the gospelly blues 'This Train' into the race charts.

 

The golden age for gospel began in 1945.

New independent recording labels like Apollo, King and Specialty prospered issuing gospel material, radio stations featured early morning and Sunday gospel shows and the gospel highway of one-night theatre stands, church benefits and anniversary programmes, was thick with travelling groups. Run by matriarch Gertrude, the Famous Ward Singers, who used daughter Clara's arrangements, Marion Williams' solos and Rev. W. Herbert Brewster's material like `Move On Up A Little Higher' and their rivals, Albertina Walker's Caravans, who nurtured current solo stars including Shirley Caesar, Inez Andrews, Dorothy Norwood, and, more briefly, James Cleveland and Bessie Griffin, featured strong emotional lead singers in front of imaginative background harmonies, usu­ally accompanied by simple piano or organ lines. Clara Ward exerted a considerable stylistic influence on the young

Aretha Franklin, whose first recordings were made in her father's (Rev. C. L. Franklin) New Bethel Church. Others, like the Consolers with ethereal guitar and organ-backed versions of 'heart warming spiritual hymns' like `Waiting For My Child' and the early Staple Singers, of the hillbilly harmony 'Will The Circle Be Unbroken', appealed more to southern audiences.

Male acappella 'quartets' were also developing. Using gos­pel material and a second tenor to complete the four part harmony behind the high clear tenor voice of Rebert Harris, the Soul Stirrers gave gospel and—through Sam Cooke—soul music, one of its lasting styles. Likewise, the contrast of Claude Jeter's falsetto and the harsh shouter leads of the Swan Silvertones presaged the Temptations, while the devil-demolishing ecstatic screams of the Five Blind Boys' Archie Brownlee were picked up by the young James Brown, whose stage movements could be a parody of the frenzied move­ment of Ira Tucker of the Dixie Hummingbirds.

The end of acappella came with the addition of guitarists, like Howard Carroll of the Dixie Hummingbirds, and in the Sixties popular groups like the Mighty Clouds Of Joy and the Violinaires used falsetto harmony behind the preaching lead voices of Joe Ligon and Robert Blair respectively. Now the instrumentation of gospel groups can be as full as soul groups, enabling the Rance Allen Group to rework secular hits, alongside the smooth jubilee hymns of the Harmonising Four or the cool sophisticated homophonic Voices-Supreme.

James Cleveland's 'Love Of God' with the Voices Of Tabernacle and 'Peace Be Still' with the Angelic Choir in the Sixties ushered in the era of choirs and soloists, with his Gospel Music Convention promoting large interdenomina­tional choirs, and the surprising pop success of the Edwin Hawkins Singers' Oh Happy Day'.

   
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Junior Dread - The Upsetters: Junior Dread - The Upsetters (7inch, 45rpm, BC)
Art-Nr.: 45ART36
 

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Junior Dread, A Wah Dat - The Upsetters, Dat Dub Recorded at the Black Ark Studio (Jamaica) in the 1970's An Omar Perry Project A Black Art Production

$15.15 *

Jah Levi - Rockers All Stars: Jah Levi - Rockers All Stars (7inch, 45rpm, BC, PS)
Art-Nr.: 45DO70
 

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Reissue, Stereo Jah Levi, Zion A Fe Lion - Rockers All Stars, Zambian Style

$15.15 *

James Hunter: Whatever It Takes (LP, 180g Vinyl)
Art-Nr.: LPDAP051
 

Currently not available

(Daptone) 10 tracks - A permanent fixture in the world of Rhythm and Soul, James Hunter follows up five critically acclaimed albums with his latest recording, Whatever It Takes, for New York City’s renowned label, Daptone Records. At the height of his famed...

$23.34 *

James Hunter: Whatever It Takes (CD)
Art-Nr.: CDDAP051
 

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(Daptone) 10 tracks - A permanent fixture in the world of Rhythm and Soul, James Hunter follows up five critically acclaimed albums with his latest recording, Whatever It Takes, for New York City’s renowned label, Daptone Records. At the height of his famed...

$21.00 *

Dionne Warwick: Odds & Ends - Scepter Records Rarities (CD)
Art-Nr.: CDOP9003
 

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(Real Gone Music-Rhino) 26 Tracks - 1962-1971 -  Dionne Warwick’s ‘60s Recordings for the Scepter Label (Many Written by the Legendary Team of Hal David and Burt Bacharach) Remain Right at the Pinnacle of ‘60s Pop With a Total of 40 Chart Hits, Dionne’s Run at...

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Various: Andy Smith's Northern Soul (CD)
Art-Nr.: CDBGPD165
 

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(BGP) 25 tracks (54:31) 1965-1973.  - So, why is DJ Andy Smith putting out a Northern Soul mix? Well, that's what a lot of people ask me and the answer would have to be that - it's fantastic music that I've been collecting for a long time. People that go to...

$18.66 *

George Jackson: Leavin' Your Homework Undone - 1968-1971 (CD)
Art-Nr.: CDKEND477
 

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(Ace Records UK) 24 Tracks - One of soul music’s foremost singer-songwriters for over 40 years, the late George Jackson is always a favourite among those who buy their southern soul music on Kent. - Over the past 10 years, we have put out five strong-selling CDs of...

$18.66 *

Gene Jackson: 1963 (CD)
Art-Nr.: CDBL0002
 

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(Blue Lotus Recordings) 10 Tracks - Digipack - St. Louis Soul and R&B! Gene Jackson is a Soul Singer out of Saint Louis, Missouri. His rich vocal character along with his emotional style are sure to captivate. "1963"is his debut album!

$16.32 *

Roland Johnson: Imagine This (CD)
Art-Nr.: CDBL0001
 

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(Blue Lotus Recordings) 10 Tracks - Digipack - Original St. Louis Soul at it's finest! One of the smoothest voices you'll ever hear, a seasoned treasure of the rich soil of the St. Louis rhythm & blues scene. Drawing inspiration from the 1960’s reminiscent of Otis...

$16.32 *

Garnet Mimms: Cry Baby (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDTOCP6598
 

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(MCA Japan) 24 Tracks - A compilation of Brunswick and Decca sides, featuring Jack Teagarden, Velma Middleton, The Mills Brothers, Billie Holiday, Louis Jordan, Bing Crosby, Gary Crosby, The Polynesians, Andy Iona & His Islanders and Gordon Jenkins!

$29.19 *

Sam Cooke: Night Beat (CD)
Art-Nr.: CDRCA68098
 

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(2001 BMG Entertainment Europe) 12 tracks, remastered 1963 RCA album with 12 page booklet.  - This is one of those few outstanding albums that sound perfect - even after forty years. The way Sam sings is unbelievable, hitting every note at the right spot, and...

$23.34 *

Yvonne Elliman: The Very Best Of Yvonne Elliman (CD)
Art-Nr.: CDTAR1003
 

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(Taragon) 10 tracks (36:03)  - Yvonne Elliman is always on the move. In a business where female songsters are typed, tagged and filed, Yvonne Elliman has eluded being pigeon-holed and still comes out on top. Originally cast as Mary Magdalene in the Andrew...

$46.74 *

Ike & Tina Turner: Sexy, Seductive, Provocative (CD)
Art-Nr.: CDPCD9008
 

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(Paula Records) 12 tracks. Product of Jewel, Paula, Ronn Records.  - The recordings featured here include two of Ike and Tina's first hits together. 'A Fool In Love' from 1960 was a #2 hit on the R&B charts and went to #27 on the pop charts. 'It's Gonna...

$21.00 *

Buster Brown: The New King Of The Blues (LP)
Art-Nr.: LPFIRE102
 

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(Fire) 16 tracks - Re-issue of the original 1961 'Fire' LP plus bonus tracks

$21.00 *

Jackie Wilson: Nobody But You (LP, 180g Vinyl)
Art-Nr.: LPBL754212
 

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(Brunswick) 10 tracks - Re-issue of the original 1976 'Brunswick' LP album

$21.00 *

The Five Du-Tones: The Five Du-Tones (CD)
Art-Nr.: CDROS878
 

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(1996/Ring Of Stars) 21 Tracks - Their best recordings throughout the wild 1960s! Shake A Tail Feather!

$21.00 *

James Carr: The Dark End Of The Street - You've Got My Mind Messed Up (7inch, 45rpm)
Art-Nr.: 45GOLDWAX1
 

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(2017/ACE) 2 tracks The Dark End Of The Street (1967). You've Got My Mind Messed Up (1966).

$11.64 *

Eddie Floyd: Knock On Wood (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL7024
 

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(2012/Atlantic Japan) 12 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1967 Stax album! 'Knock On Wood' is the debut of soul singer songwriter Eddie Floyd, originally released on Stax Records in 1967. The album was recorded in 1966 at the famed Stax Recording Studio in...

$11.64 *

Various: Soulsville U.S.A. - A Celebration of Stax (3-CD)
Art-Nr.: CDCR00020
 

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(2017/Craft Records) 60 tracks - As legend would have it, STAX Records replaced cotton as the single biggest product to come out of Memphis, Tennessee, during its fabled late-1960s heyday. If you know the STAX story, it's not hard to believe. But if you only...

$29.19 *

Stevie Wonder: Essential Stevie Wonder (2-CD)
Art-Nr.: CD5300472
 

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(Motown) 39 tracks - Fingertips, Happy Street, Angie Girl, Travelin' Man, Kiss Me Baby and more

$23.34 *

Various: The Best Of Sue Records (LP)
Art-Nr.: LPCOL5123
 

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(Collectables) 14 tracks - Great and rare compilation about the 'Sue' label

$21.00 *

The Ronettes: The Colpix Years 1961 - 1963 (LP, 180g Vinyl)
Art-Nr.: LPCORN16042
 

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(Cornbread) 12 tracks - Album comes with download code Nedra, Estelle and the voice of Veronica. Beehives, Phil Spector anti "Be My Baby". Mascara vibrato and 'Baby I Love You'. Slit sarongs, castanets and 'Walking In The Rain'. Takes you back? Well, let's go way...

$22.17 *

Sam Cooke: Here's Sam Cooke (CD)
Art-Nr.: CDSI905658
 

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(2008/Diksy) 16 tracks

$11.64 *

Ben E. King: Stand By Me - The Ben E. King Collection (CD)
Art-Nr.: CD732232
 

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(2005/Warner) 20 tracks

$11.64 *

Spencer Wiggins: The Goldwax Years (LP)
Art-Nr.: LPKENT511
 

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(Ace/Kent) 14 tracks - 'Golwax' recordings, released between 1966 and 1977

$21.00 *

Various: Beyond The Wall Of Sound - 18 Girl Group Classics From The 60s (LP)
Art-Nr.: LPROXY106
 

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(Roxy) 18 tracks - Girl Group compilation, including mostly unknown tracks from the early 1960s

$29.19 *

William Bell: The Soul Of A Bell (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL6965
 

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(2012/Atlantic Japan) 11 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1967 Stax album!

$11.64 *

Melvin Van Peebles: What The....You Mean I Can't Sing?! (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL6107
 

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(2013/Atlantic Japan) 8 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1974 Atlantic album!

$11.64 *

Donny Hathaway: Donny Hathaway (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL5879
 

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(2013/Atlantic Japan) 11 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1971 Atco album plus 2 bonus tracks!

$11.64 *

Roberta Flack: Killing Me Softly (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL6209
 

Currently not available

(2013/Atlantic Japan) 8 Tracks (41:00) - Japan CD reissue of the original 1973 Atlantic album!

$11.64 *

Clarence Reid: Running Water (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL7032
 

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(2012/Atlantic Japan) 10 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1973 Alston album!

$11.64 *

Margie Joseph: Feeling My Way (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL6108
 

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(2013/Atlantic Japan) 10 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1978 Atlantic album!

$11.64 *

Howard Tate: Howard Tate (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL7019
 

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(2012/Atlantic Japan) 12 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1972 Atlantic album!

$11.64 *

Gwen McCrae: On My Way (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL5855
 

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(2013/Atlantic Japan) 8 Tracks (37:47) - Japan CD reissue of the original 1982 Atlantic album!

$11.64 *

Gwen McCrae: Gwen McCrae (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL5862
 

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(2013/Atlantic Japan) 9 Tracks (42:52) - Japan CD reissue of the original 1981 Atlantic album!

$11.64 *

Percy Sledge: When A Man Loves A Woman (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL6179
 

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(2013/Atlantic Japan) 11 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1966 Atlantic album!

$11.64 *

Percy Sledge: Warm & Tender Soul (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL7602
 

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(2013/Atlantic Japan) 12 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1966 Atlantic album! Includes his wonderful version of the Elvis Presley classic 'Love Me Tender'!

$17.49 *

The Spinners: Mighty Love (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL6973
 

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(2012/Atlantic Japan) 12 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1974 Atlantic album, plus 4 bonus tracks!

$11.64 *

Sam & Dave: Hold On, I'm Comin' (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL6208
 

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(2013/Atlantic Japan) 12 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1966 Stax album!

$11.64 *

C.L. Blast: I Wanna Get Down (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL5398
 

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(2013/Atlantic Japan) 8 Tracks (31:38) - Japan CD reissue of the original 1980 Cotillion album!

$11.64 *

Impact: Impact (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL5831
 

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(2013/Atlantic Japan) 9 Tracks (40:20) - Japan CD reissue of the original 1976 Atco album!

$11.64 *

Carla Thomas: The Queen Alone (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL7572
 

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(2013/Atlantic Japan) 11 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1967 Stax album!

$17.49 *

Otis Redding & Carla Thomas: King & Queen (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL6994
 

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(Atlantic Japan) 11 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1967 Stax album!

$11.64 *

Brook Benton: Brook Benton Today (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL6074
 

Currently not available

(2013/Atlantic Japan) 10 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1970 Cotillion album!

$11.64 *

Brook Benton: Home Style (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL6081
 

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(2013/Atlantic Japan) 10 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1970 Cotillion album!

$11.64 *

Black Heat: Keep On Runnin' (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL5336
 

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(2013/Atlantic Japan) 11 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1975 Atlantic album!

$11.64 *

Slave: Stone Jam (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL5657
 

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(2013/Atlantic Japan) 11 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1980 Cotillion album plus 3 bonus tracks!

$11.64 *

R.B. Greaves: R.B. Greaves (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL5688
 

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(2013/Atlantic Japan) 10 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1969 Atco album!

$11.64 *

Ben E. King: Supernatural (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL7062
 

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(2012/Atlantic Japan) 10 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1975 Atlantic album!

$11.64 *

Ben E. King: What Is Soul (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL7061
 

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(2012/Atlantic Japan) 12 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1967 Atlantic album!

$11.64 *

Ben E. King: Let Me Live In Your Life (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL6135
 

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(2013/Atlantic Japan) 10 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1978 Atlantic album!

$11.64 *

Eddie Harris: E.H. In The U.K. (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL5891
 

Currently not available

(2014/Atlantic Japan) 6 Tracks (43:10) - Japan CD reissue of the original 1973 Atlantic album! The legendary London Sessions!

$11.64 *

King Floyd: King Floyd (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL6288
 

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(2013/Atlantic Japan) 10 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1971 Cotillion album!

$11.64 *

Aretha Franklin: Lady Soul (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL7183
 

Currently not available

(2013/Atlantic Japan) 14 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1968 Atlantic album plus 4 rare bonus tracks!

$17.49 *

Booker T. & The MG's: And Now! (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL5931
 

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(2013/Atlantic Japan) 12 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1966 Stax album!

$11.64 *

Arthur Conley: Sweet Soul Music (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL7069
 

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(2012/Atlantic Japan) 10 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1967 Atco album!

$11.64 *

J.J. Jackson: The Great J.J. Jackson (LP)
Art-Nr.: LPSEE281
 

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(See For Miles) 13 tracks - Re-issue of the original 1966 'Allied' Lp album

$21.00 *

King Curtis: Instant Groove (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL6132
 

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(2012/Atlantic Japan) 12 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1969 Atco album!

$17.49 *

Robert Parker: Golden Classics (LP)
Art-Nr.: LPCOL5163
 

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(Collectables) 14 tracks - Original recordings

$21.00 *

Don Covay: See-Saw (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL7029
 

Currently not available

(2012/Atlantic Japan) 12 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1966 Atlantic album!

$11.64 *

The Bar-Kays: Soul Finger (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL7065
 

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(2012/Atlantic Japan) 11 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1967 Volt album!

$17.49 *

The Mar-Keys: The Great Memphis Sound (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL7589
 

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(2013/Atlantic Japan) 10 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1966 Stax album!

$16.32 *

The Mar-Keys: Last Night (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL7002
 

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(2012/Atlantic Japan) 12 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1963 Atlantic album!

$11.64 *

Solomon Burke: If You Need Me (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL6552
 

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(2012/Atlantic Japan) 12 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1963 Atlantic album!

$16.32 *

Dee Dee Warwick: Turning Around (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL6149
 

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(2013/Atlantic Japan) 10 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1970 Atco album!

$11.64 *

Barbara Lewis: Baby, I'm Yours (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL6971
 

Currently not available

(2013/Atlantic Japan) 12 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1966 Atlantic album!

$17.49 *

Wilson Pickett: In Philadelphia (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL6962
 

Currently not available

(2012/Atlantic Japan) 12 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1970 Atlantic album, plus three bonus tracks!

$11.64 *

Wilson Pickett: In The Midnight Hour (CD, Japan)
Art-Nr.: CDATL9622
 

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(2012/Atlantic Japan) 12 Tracks - Japan CD reissue of the original 1965 Atlantic album!

$11.64 *

   
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