Gospel Music

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Legendary R&B and Soul Shows from 1966 Vol.4 (DVD) Various - The !!!! Beat: Legendary R&B and Soul Shows from 1966 Vol.4... Art-Nr.: BVD20129

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Vol.6, (DVD) Legendary R&B and Soul Shows from 1966 Various - The !!!! Beat: Vol.6, (DVD) Legendary R&B and Soul Shows from... Art-Nr.: BVD20131

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Dreamer (LP, 180gram Vinyl) Bobby 'Blue' Bland: Dreamer (LP, 180gram Vinyl) Art-Nr.: BAF18029

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29 Scorching Classics From 1968 (CD) Various - Sweet Soul Music: 29 Scorching Classics From 1968 (CD) Art-Nr.: BCD16973

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Look Out! We Got Soul - Sampler Sweet Soul Music (CD) Various - Sweet Soul Music: Look Out! We Got Soul - Sampler Sweet Soul... Art-Nr.: BCD17033

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Dancin' All Around The World - The Complete Vee-Jay Recordings (2-CD) Little Richard: Dancin' All Around The World - The Complete... Art-Nr.: CD512193

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Tell Mama (180gram Vinyl) Etta James: Tell Mama (180gram Vinyl) Art-Nr.: BAF18026

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28 Scorching Classics From 1969 Various - Sweet Soul Music: 28 Scorching Classics From 1969 Art-Nr.: BCD16974

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24 Scorching Classics From 1970 Various - Sweet Soul Music: 24 Scorching Classics From 1970 Art-Nr.: BCD16975

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The Drifters - The Drifters Rock (CD) The Drifters: The Drifters - The Drifters Rock (CD) Art-Nr.: BCD17278

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The Motown Songbook (CD) Various: The Motown Songbook (CD) Art-Nr.: CDVSOP180

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(Connoisseur) 20 tracks
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Hotter Than July (CD) Stevie Wonder: Hotter Than July (CD) Art-Nr.: CD620529

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(Motown Records) 10 tracks
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Check It Out - The Best Of (2-CD) Bobby Womack: Check It Out - The Best Of (2-CD) Art-Nr.: CDMLX131

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(Demon Music) 40 tracks
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FTM In The Groove Part One (CD) Various: FTM In The Groove Part One (CD) Art-Nr.: CDFTM043

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(FTM) 21 tracks (78:34) - custom compilation
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Hold On (CD) Solomon Burke: Hold On (CD) Art-Nr.: CDSGP0416

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(Prestige Elite Records) 8 tracks
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Sweet Soul Music Vol.2 (CD, Japan) Various: Sweet Soul Music Vol.2 (CD, Japan) Art-Nr.: CDTECX25030

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(Teichiku Records) 25 Tracks - Rare Japan Edition!
$21.55
Sweet Soul Music Vol.1 (CD, Japan) Various: Sweet Soul Music Vol.1 (CD, Japan) Art-Nr.: CDTECX25029

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(Teichiku Records) 25 Tracks - Rare Japan Edition!
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Lady Love (CD) Lou Rawls: Lady Love (CD) Art-Nr.: CDLT5065

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(Digimode) 13 tracks
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Recorded Live In Amsterdam (CD & DVD) Arthur Conley: Recorded Live In Amsterdam (CD & DVD) Art-Nr.: CDWBB003

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(Walboomers Records) 17 tracks, live recording in Amsterdam, January 1980. DVD has two TV documentaries on Arthur Conley's years in Holland, living under the alias Lee Roberts.
$43.15
Smooth, Smooth Jackson (CD) Chuck Jackson: Smooth, Smooth Jackson (CD) Art-Nr.: CDNEM993

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(Sequel Records) 22 tracks - Original All Platinum Recordings - 6 page notes by John Ridley.
$32.35
Making A Good Thing Better (CD) Denise LaSalle: Making A Good Thing Better (CD) Art-Nr.: CDSEWD152

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(Westbound/Ace Records) 26 tracks The music that came out of Stax Records pretty much defined the Memphis Sound throughout the 1960s. As the 70s dawned, the sound came to be redefined by records produced by Willie Mitchell down the road...
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The Best Of Sam Cooke (CD, Japan) Sam Cooke: The Best Of Sam Cooke (CD, Japan) Art-Nr.: CDB20D41034

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(BMG Victor Inc.) 13 Tracks - RCA Victor recordings!
$18.31
The Best Of The Crusaders (2-LP) The Crusaders: The Best Of The Crusaders (2-LP) Art-Nr.: LPMCLD602

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(MCA-ABC Records) 15 tracks - Original 'Blue Thumb', 'Mowest' and 'ABC' recordings from the 1970s
$19.39
Motown Legends (LP) Marvin Gaye: Motown Legends (LP) Art-Nr.: LPM359

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(Motown) 14 tracks - Originally sealed 1985 Marvin Gaye compilation about his output in the 1960s and 1970s - Canadian pressing
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Hurt For Me (CD) Shanda & The Howlers: Hurt For Me (CD) Art-Nr.: CDWILD201801

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(Wild Records) 11 Tracks - Ecopack - Retro Soul!
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Come A Little Closer (CD) Etta James: Come A Little Closer (CD) Art-Nr.: CDMOC13610

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(MCA) 12 Tracks - New edition of the album classic by Chess Records, 1974!
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Live At The BBC (2-CD) Chris Farlowe: Live At The BBC (2-CD) Art-Nr.: CDREP1330

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(Repertoire) 38 Tracks - Original BBC recordings 1965-1969! Chris Farlowe was one of the hottest British artists from the R&B club scene of the 1960s. Among his absolute fans were Tom Jones and Mick Jagger. Farlowe's band, The...
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Reckoning (CD) Billy Price: Reckoning (CD) Art-Nr.: CDVT003

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(VizzTone) 13 Tracks - Digipack - The celebrated soul singer Billy Price, now releases his first solo studio album in five years. In collaboration with Award winner and guitarist Kid Anderson, he produced his best work to date. For the...
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Singles Collection (LP+7inch+CD) Harvey Fuqua: Singles Collection (LP+7inch+CD) Art-Nr.: LPVID08

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(Jukebox Music Factory) Vinyl LP (16 tracks), CD (23 tracks), 7inch Single 45rpm (2 tracks)
$30.19
Knock On Wood - Session (CD) Eddie Floyd: Knock On Wood - Session (CD) Art-Nr.: CDUV145

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(Comet Records) digipack, 10 tracks inclusive Knock On Wood, Mr. Blue, Got To Make A Comeback and more
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Wonderful World (LP) Sam Cooke: Wonderful World (LP) Art-Nr.: LPCL89903

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(RCA) 12 tracks - Original 'Keen' and 'RCA' recordings incl. his top hits 'Twistin' The Night Away', 'Chain Gang' 'Wonderful World' and 'Everybody Loves To Cha Cha Cha'
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Superstar Series (LP) The Jackson 5: Superstar Series (LP) Art-Nr.: LPM5112X

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(Motown) 6 tracks - Original recordings - Sealed cut-out LP
$16.15
Soft (LP) Brook Benton: Soft (LP) Art-Nr.: LPSOS5001

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(Sounds Of Florida) 10 tracks - Originally sealed 1984 Brook Benton LP album
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Soulful Woman (CD) Billie & The Kids: Soulful Woman (CD) Art-Nr.: CDRBR5889

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(Rhythm Bomb) 13 Tracks - Ecopack - Billie, oh, my God, what a voice! Rhythm Bomb writes inside the Ecopack that she brings back quality to the music that was long missed. I go much further, because this woman doesn't just have a...
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The Duck (CD) Jackie Lee: The Duck (CD) Art-Nr.: CDHP032

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(Ace Records) 12 tracks incl. Hully Gully, To The Temptaion Walk, The Bounce, Do You Love Me and more
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Raindrops (CD) Dee Clark: Raindrops (CD) Art-Nr.: CDCHARLY69

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(Charly Records) 22 tracks incl. Seven Nights, Fever, Your Friends, Just Keep It Up and more
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I'd Like To Teach The World To Sing - Oh Happy Day (CD) The Edwin Hawkins Singers: I'd Like To Teach The World To Sing - Oh Happy... Art-Nr.: CDBDK5070

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(Kama Sutra/Unidisc Canada) 17 tracks - sealed original copy
$129.55
Looking Back 1961-1964 (2-CD) Mary Wells: Looking Back 1961-1964 (2-CD) Art-Nr.: CD625326

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(Motown Records) 43 tracks, remastered from the original mono masters, 19-page booklet, essay by David Ritz
$37.75
Live At The BBC (2-LP, 180g Vinyl, Ltd. Numbered Deluxe Edition, Autographed) Chris Farlowe: Live At The BBC (2-LP, 180g Vinyl, Ltd.... Art-Nr.: LPV284

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(Repertoire) 38 Tracks - Original BBC recordings 1965-1969! Gatefold cover with printed inlay and hand-signed poster! Strictly limited to 1000 pieces worldwide! Hand numbered! Chris Farlowe was one of the hottest British artists from the...
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Papa's Got A Brand New Bag (CD) James Brown: Papa's Got A Brand New Bag (CD) Art-Nr.: CDSSI892

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(Blues Journey) 8 tracks incl. Body Heat, Sex Machine and more
$13.99
Letter Full Of Tears (LP, 180g Vinyl) Gladys Knight & The Pips: Letter Full Of Tears (LP, 180g Vinyl) Art-Nr.: LP6785479

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(Vinyl Lovers) 14 tracks - Re-isuue of the 1962 'Fury' LP album Gladys Knight and The Pips was a gritty soul outfit fronted by Georgia native Gladys Knight and backed by her brother Merald 'Bubba' Knight. and cousins William Guest and...
$21.55
Otis Redding Live In Europe - Record Store Day (LP, Ltd.) Otis Redding: Otis Redding Live In Europe - Record Store Day... Art-Nr.: LPVOLT416

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(Volt) 10 tracks - Limited edition - Record Store Day release - Red vinyl The people in Paris proclaimed him 'singer par ex-cellence'; in London he was said to be the grooviest soul singer ever; in America we call him the King of Rhythm...
$23.71
Northern Soul - The Collection (3-CD) Various: Northern Soul - The Collection (3-CD) Art-Nr.: CD5103460

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(Rhino) 85 tracks on 3 CDs with artists like Gloria Jones, Tami Lynn, The Pointer Sisters, Chuck Wood, The Drifters and many more
$13.99
Queen City - Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (LP, Ltd.) Various: Queen City - Original Motion Picture Soundtrack... Art-Nr.: LPGAL002

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(Galora) 11 Tracks - As the 1970’s draw to a close, Queen City is in dire straits. The steel mills are closed, people are leaving in droves and political corruption is rampant. In the dead of winter, Detective 'Jimmy' Brinker (Peter...
$43.15
Shine Bright (CD) Marcia Ball: Shine Bright (CD) Art-Nr.: CDAL4982

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(Alligator Records) 12 Tracks - One of America's most famous and popular roots artists releases a groundbreaking album, produced by Steve Berlin (Los Lobos, The Blasters). Marcia Ball burns on Shine Bright with an exuberant selection of...
$19.39
Good, Good Twistin' (LP) James Brown & His Famous Flames: Good, Good Twistin' (LP) Art-Nr.: LPVNL18703

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(Ermitage) 12 Tracks - Reissue of the original 1962 King 780 album!
$12.91 $16.15
Live At Chastain Park 1985 (2-LP, Ltd.) James Brown: Live At Chastain Park 1985 (2-LP, Ltd.) Art-Nr.: LPSTONE0004

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(Cast In Stone) 16 Tracks - Limited Edition - Already a rarity, this live performance by Soul legend James Brown, released exclusively for the Record Store Day 2018, includes his super hits 'It's A Man's World' and 'I Feel Good'....
$53.95
The Muscle Shoals Sessions (CD) Amy Black: The Muscle Shoals Sessions (CD) Art-Nr.: CDRR44740

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(Reuben Records) 12 Tracks - Digipack - Her legendary Muscle Shoals recordings, produced by Lex Price!
$18.31
Saying Something - Hold On, We're Coming (CD) Chuck Jackson & Maxine Brown: Saying Something - Hold On, We're Coming (CD) Art-Nr.: CDKEND241

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(Ace Records) 24 Tracks - Original Wand recordings 1966-1968! Chuck Jackson and Maxine Brown are two of the most cherished artists in 60s soul music, synonymous with quality and distinction throughout all phases of their lengthy careers....
$17.23
Second Chance - The Complete Barry & Columbia Recordings (CD) Thelma Jones: Second Chance - The Complete Barry & Columbia... Art-Nr.: CDKEND277

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(Ace Records) 22 Tracks - 1967-1978 - Aretha Franklin scored a smash hit in 1968 with The House That Jack Built. Harlem-based Thelma Jones recorded the song first. And she did it better. It was a seal of approval when Aretha covered you;...
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Solomon Burke & De Dijk - Hold On Tight (LP, 180g Vinyl, Ltd.) Solomon Burke & De Dijk: Solomon Burke & De Dijk - Hold On Tight (LP,... Art-Nr.: LPMOV391

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On October 10, 2010 Solomon Burke died in Amsterdam on his way to perform with his Dutch musician colleagues De Dijk. What was then intended as a release party for the new album'Hold On Tight' became a celebration of the life's work of...
$30.19
Can't Stop Dancing (12 inch Vinyl Maxi) Michael Boothman & Kysofusion Band feat. Keith 'Designer' Prescott: Can't Stop Dancing (12 inch Vinyl Maxi) Art-Nr.: CRS513

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12'' Maxi Single in disco sleeve. 2 tracks. Playing time approx. 11:09 mns. Song recorded by Michael Boothman who brought us Tabu and What You Won't Do For Love. Exciting fusion of Disco, Pop and Calypso Extremely hard-to-find and...
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Mr. Dynamite (LP, 180g Vinyl) James Brown: Mr. Dynamite (LP, 180g Vinyl) Art-Nr.: LPCRNBR16013

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(Cornbread) 16 tracks - Reproduction of the original 1962 'King' LP album plus four bonus tracks Disc contains MP3 download code.
$16.15 $21.55
Aretha  With The Ray Bryant Combo (LP, 180g Vinyl) Aretha Franklin: Aretha With The Ray Bryant Combo (LP, 180g Vinyl) Art-Nr.: LPDOL974

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(Dol) 19 tracks - Reproduction of the original 1961 'Columbia' LP album plus seven bonus tracks from the 'Bobby Scott Sessions' - Gatefold cover
$16.15 $19.39
Two Sides Of The Blues (CD) James Cotton: Two Sides Of The Blues (CD) Art-Nr.: CDMVD0985

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(MVDaudio) 9 Tracks (27:42) - Brilliant 1960s Soul Blues with a Go-Go feeling plus Downhome Country Blues!
$15.07
Plan B (CD) Huey Lewis & The News: Plan B (CD) Art-Nr.: CDCURB124

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(Curb Records) 11 Tracks - This CD offers less rock and more blues, soul and jazz. But even those who like the old hits will like these recordings, because the typical Huey Lewis rock style is also present here, only not that superficial...
$16.15
Save The Last Dance For Me (LP, 180g Vinyl) The Drifters: Save The Last Dance For Me (LP, 180g Vinyl) Art-Nr.: LPMOV1697

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(Music On Vinyl) 12 tracks - Re-issue of the original 1962 'Atlantic' LP album This LP by the fabulous Drifters is a one record 'hit parade' all to itself! On it you'll find five smash hits('Save The Last Dance For Me', 'I Count The...
$23.71
Don't Play That Song (LP, 180 Gram Vinyl) Ben E. King: Don't Play That Song (LP, 180 Gram Vinyl) Art-Nr.: LPMOV1436

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(Music On Vinyl) 12 tracks - Re-issue of the 1982 'Atco' LP album The singer who offers a fresh style, a new sound, and genuine feeling is eagerly welcomed by the listening public. When the recordings of Ben E. King became giant-size...
$23.71
Tell It Like It Is (LP) Aaron Neville: Tell It Like It Is (LP) Art-Nr.: LPCOL5132X

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(Collectables) 16 tracks - Re-issue of the original 1967 'Parlo' LP album
$17.23 $19.39
Shaolin Soul - Episode 3 (2-LP+CD) Various: Shaolin Soul - Episode 3 (2-LP+CD) Art-Nr.: LP5543358

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(Because Music) 20 timeless tracks 1960s and 70s (70:44) - Double Vinyl includes CD! - Everybody's Talkin' About The Good Ol' Days - The Cult Soul Compilaton 2018 Reissue.
$26.95 $32.35
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Stripped of their cultural heritage through slavery, the early Afro-Americans found the Church the only institution able to explain and mollify their new position. The simple life-after-death theology, delivered through par­able preaching and inspirational singing, enabled the Black Churches to flourish through the 19th century. They `Afri­canized' the early Anglican hymns in aural transmission, transmuting and reassembling them into the Negro Spirituals — the call and unison response of 'Swing Low, Sweet Chariot', the long sustained melody of 'Nobody Knows The Trouble' and the syncopated claprhythmic 'Shout All Over God's Heaven'.

The early 20th century upsurge of fundamental, sancti­fied and holiness churches in the dehumanizing industrial ghettos brought ecstatic, testifying shouts, holy dancing and musical instruments into church music. Reflecting this, the pre-depression recording boom waxed a wide range of styles of religious material, from Rev. J. M. Gates' short sermons and answering congregation, to the piano-playing evangelist singer, Arizona Dranes, to the religious blues of guitarist Blind Willie Johnson and the ruggedly harmonised versions of the spirituals by Jubilee Quartets like the Golden Gate and the Norfolk Quartets.

In the Thirties, traditional spirituals were supplanted by new gospel material. Earlier, Rev. Charles A. Tindley had published 'Stand By Me' and 'Understand It Better By and By' and Lucie Campbell produced 'Something Within Me' and 'In The Upper Room', but Thomas A. Dorsey (aka Georgia Tom) is regarded as the Father of Gospel Music. In 1932, he co-founded the National Convention of Gospel Singers which promoted the spread of material like his own `Precious Lord' and 'Peace In The Valley'. With performers like Sallie Martin, Roberta Martin and Mahalia Jackson pushing them, the sentimental, optimistic blue-note ridden gospel numbers swept the nation, finding white acceptance through artists like Red Foley and the Stamps-Baxter Quar­tet.

Though Mahalia was the 'Gospel Queen', others were important. Willie Mae Ford Smith, an instructress at Dor­sey's Conventions, taught many younger singers, like Brother Joe May, the improvising slurs, note bending and rephrasing techniques of gospel, while Sister Rosetta Tharpe took the gospelly blues 'This Train' into the race charts.

 

The golden age for gospel began in 1945.

New independent recording labels like Apollo, King and Specialty prospered issuing gospel material, radio stations featured early morning and Sunday gospel shows and the gospel highway of one-night theatre stands, church benefits and anniversary programmes, was thick with travelling groups. Run by matriarch Gertrude, the Famous Ward Singers, who used daughter Clara's arrangements, Marion Williams' solos and Rev. W. Herbert Brewster's material like `Move On Up A Little Higher' and their rivals, Albertina Walker's Caravans, who nurtured current solo stars including Shirley Caesar, Inez Andrews, Dorothy Norwood, and, more briefly, James Cleveland and Bessie Griffin, featured strong emotional lead singers in front of imaginative background harmonies, usu­ally accompanied by simple piano or organ lines. Clara Ward exerted a considerable stylistic influence on the young

Aretha Franklin, whose first recordings were made in her father's (Rev. C. L. Franklin) New Bethel Church. Others, like the Consolers with ethereal guitar and organ-backed versions of 'heart warming spiritual hymns' like `Waiting For My Child' and the early Staple Singers, of the hillbilly harmony 'Will The Circle Be Unbroken', appealed more to southern audiences.

Male acappella 'quartets' were also developing. Using gos­pel material and a second tenor to complete the four part harmony behind the high clear tenor voice of Rebert Harris, the Soul Stirrers gave gospel and—through Sam Cooke—soul music, one of its lasting styles. Likewise, the contrast of Claude Jeter's falsetto and the harsh shouter leads of the Swan Silvertones presaged the Temptations, while the devil-demolishing ecstatic screams of the Five Blind Boys' Archie Brownlee were picked up by the young James Brown, whose stage movements could be a parody of the frenzied move­ment of Ira Tucker of the Dixie Hummingbirds.

The end of acappella came with the addition of guitarists, like Howard Carroll of the Dixie Hummingbirds, and in the Sixties popular groups like the Mighty Clouds Of Joy and the Violinaires used falsetto harmony behind the preaching lead voices of Joe Ligon and Robert Blair respectively. Now the instrumentation of gospel groups can be as full as soul groups, enabling the Rance Allen Group to rework secular hits, alongside the smooth jubilee hymns of the Harmonising Four or the cool sophisticated homophonic Voices-Supreme.

James Cleveland's 'Love Of God' with the Voices Of Tabernacle and 'Peace Be Still' with the Angelic Choir in the Sixties ushered in the era of choirs and soloists, with his Gospel Music Convention promoting large interdenomina­tional choirs, and the surprising pop success of the Edwin Hawkins Singers' Oh Happy Day'.

Stripped of their cultural heritage through slavery, the early Afro-Americans found the Church the only institution able to explain and mollify their new position. The simple life-after-death... read more »
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Gospel Music

Stripped of their cultural heritage through slavery, the early Afro-Americans found the Church the only institution able to explain and mollify their new position. The simple life-after-death theology, delivered through par­able preaching and inspirational singing, enabled the Black Churches to flourish through the 19th century. They `Afri­canized' the early Anglican hymns in aural transmission, transmuting and reassembling them into the Negro Spirituals — the call and unison response of 'Swing Low, Sweet Chariot', the long sustained melody of 'Nobody Knows The Trouble' and the syncopated claprhythmic 'Shout All Over God's Heaven'.

The early 20th century upsurge of fundamental, sancti­fied and holiness churches in the dehumanizing industrial ghettos brought ecstatic, testifying shouts, holy dancing and musical instruments into church music. Reflecting this, the pre-depression recording boom waxed a wide range of styles of religious material, from Rev. J. M. Gates' short sermons and answering congregation, to the piano-playing evangelist singer, Arizona Dranes, to the religious blues of guitarist Blind Willie Johnson and the ruggedly harmonised versions of the spirituals by Jubilee Quartets like the Golden Gate and the Norfolk Quartets.

In the Thirties, traditional spirituals were supplanted by new gospel material. Earlier, Rev. Charles A. Tindley had published 'Stand By Me' and 'Understand It Better By and By' and Lucie Campbell produced 'Something Within Me' and 'In The Upper Room', but Thomas A. Dorsey (aka Georgia Tom) is regarded as the Father of Gospel Music. In 1932, he co-founded the National Convention of Gospel Singers which promoted the spread of material like his own `Precious Lord' and 'Peace In The Valley'. With performers like Sallie Martin, Roberta Martin and Mahalia Jackson pushing them, the sentimental, optimistic blue-note ridden gospel numbers swept the nation, finding white acceptance through artists like Red Foley and the Stamps-Baxter Quar­tet.

Though Mahalia was the 'Gospel Queen', others were important. Willie Mae Ford Smith, an instructress at Dor­sey's Conventions, taught many younger singers, like Brother Joe May, the improvising slurs, note bending and rephrasing techniques of gospel, while Sister Rosetta Tharpe took the gospelly blues 'This Train' into the race charts.

 

The golden age for gospel began in 1945.

New independent recording labels like Apollo, King and Specialty prospered issuing gospel material, radio stations featured early morning and Sunday gospel shows and the gospel highway of one-night theatre stands, church benefits and anniversary programmes, was thick with travelling groups. Run by matriarch Gertrude, the Famous Ward Singers, who used daughter Clara's arrangements, Marion Williams' solos and Rev. W. Herbert Brewster's material like `Move On Up A Little Higher' and their rivals, Albertina Walker's Caravans, who nurtured current solo stars including Shirley Caesar, Inez Andrews, Dorothy Norwood, and, more briefly, James Cleveland and Bessie Griffin, featured strong emotional lead singers in front of imaginative background harmonies, usu­ally accompanied by simple piano or organ lines. Clara Ward exerted a considerable stylistic influence on the young

Aretha Franklin, whose first recordings were made in her father's (Rev. C. L. Franklin) New Bethel Church. Others, like the Consolers with ethereal guitar and organ-backed versions of 'heart warming spiritual hymns' like `Waiting For My Child' and the early Staple Singers, of the hillbilly harmony 'Will The Circle Be Unbroken', appealed more to southern audiences.

Male acappella 'quartets' were also developing. Using gos­pel material and a second tenor to complete the four part harmony behind the high clear tenor voice of Rebert Harris, the Soul Stirrers gave gospel and—through Sam Cooke—soul music, one of its lasting styles. Likewise, the contrast of Claude Jeter's falsetto and the harsh shouter leads of the Swan Silvertones presaged the Temptations, while the devil-demolishing ecstatic screams of the Five Blind Boys' Archie Brownlee were picked up by the young James Brown, whose stage movements could be a parody of the frenzied move­ment of Ira Tucker of the Dixie Hummingbirds.

The end of acappella came with the addition of guitarists, like Howard Carroll of the Dixie Hummingbirds, and in the Sixties popular groups like the Mighty Clouds Of Joy and the Violinaires used falsetto harmony behind the preaching lead voices of Joe Ligon and Robert Blair respectively. Now the instrumentation of gospel groups can be as full as soul groups, enabling the Rance Allen Group to rework secular hits, alongside the smooth jubilee hymns of the Harmonising Four or the cool sophisticated homophonic Voices-Supreme.

James Cleveland's 'Love Of God' with the Voices Of Tabernacle and 'Peace Be Still' with the Angelic Choir in the Sixties ushered in the era of choirs and soloists, with his Gospel Music Convention promoting large interdenomina­tional choirs, and the surprising pop success of the Edwin Hawkins Singers' Oh Happy Day'.

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