Gospel Music

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Legendary R&B and Soul Shows from 1966 Vol.4 (DVD) Various - The !!!! Beat: Legendary R&B and Soul Shows from 1966 Vol.4... Art-Nr.: BVD20129

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Vol.6, (DVD) Legendary R&B and Soul Shows from 1966 Various - The !!!! Beat: Vol.6, (DVD) Legendary R&B and Soul Shows from... Art-Nr.: BVD20131

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Dreamer (LP, 180gram Vinyl) Bobby 'Blue' Bland: Dreamer (LP, 180gram Vinyl) Art-Nr.: BAF18029

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29 Scorching Classics From 1968 (CD) Various - Sweet Soul Music: 29 Scorching Classics From 1968 (CD) Art-Nr.: BCD16973

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Look Out! We Got Soul - Sampler Sweet Soul Music (CD) Various - Sweet Soul Music: Look Out! We Got Soul - Sampler Sweet Soul... Art-Nr.: BCD17033

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Dancin' All Around The World - The Complete Vee-Jay Recordings (2-CD) Little Richard: Dancin' All Around The World - The Complete... Art-Nr.: CD512193

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Tell Mama (180gram Vinyl) Etta James: Tell Mama (180gram Vinyl) Art-Nr.: BAF18026

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28 Scorching Classics From 1969 Various - Sweet Soul Music: 28 Scorching Classics From 1969 Art-Nr.: BCD16974

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24 Scorching Classics From 1970 Various - Sweet Soul Music: 24 Scorching Classics From 1970 Art-Nr.: BCD16975

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The Drifters - The Drifters Rock (CD) The Drifters: The Drifters - The Drifters Rock (CD) Art-Nr.: BCD17278

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Rude Boy Scorchers - 1960s Ska (LP) Various: Rude Boy Scorchers - 1960s Ska (LP) Art-Nr.: LPKS069

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(Kingston Sound) 14 tracks - Early 1960s Ska - a great compilation and recommended for everybody whose interested but not that familiar with this music style The Rude Boy moniker has its roots firmly set in the downtown districts of...
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The Long Hot Summer - 1963 Recordings (LP) Laurel Aitken: The Long Hot Summer - 1963 Recordings (LP) Art-Nr.: LPGRO025

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(Grover Records) 15 Tracks - Die frühen Aufnahmen von Laurel Aitken - Jamaican Rhythm And Blues und Early Ska at its best Laurel Aitken ist zweifellos einer von Jamaikas "Volkshelden". Seine immense Kreativität für die Entwicklung der...
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New Breed R'n'B - Soulful 60s Blues For Today's Dancers (2-LP) Various: New Breed R'n'B - Soulful 60s Blues For Today's... Art-Nr.: LPLQ084

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(Liquidator) 24 tracks - A new perspective on the music that started the whole rare soul scene. Rhythm And Blues is back
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R'n'B Meets Northern Soul, Vol.4 (LP) Various: R'n'B Meets Northern Soul, Vol.4 (LP) Art-Nr.: LPVOR116

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(Vinyl Only Records) 18 Tracks - Die vierte LP in dieser großartigen Serie
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Reggae Girl (LP & CD) Various: Reggae Girl (LP & CD) Art-Nr.: LPGRS001

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(Grover Supreme) 16 Tracks - Neuauflage des Original 1968er 'Big Shot' LP-Albums mit vier Bonus-Tracks.
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Instrumental Hits (2-LP) Various: Instrumental Hits (2-LP) Art-Nr.: LPCR077

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(Cambra) 23 tracks
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Old King Gold Vol.2 (LP) Various: Old King Gold Vol.2 (LP) Art-Nr.: LPBID8028

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(Bellaphon) 12 tracks
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The Drifter's Golden Hits (LP) The Drifters: The Drifter's Golden Hits (LP) Art-Nr.: LPAXIS155

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(Atlantic) 12 tracks - Rare and hard-to-find New Zealand pressing from 1968 The Drifters' Golden Hits! The musical history of The Drifters from 1959 to 1969. This however, is only part of the story, but what a part! Four million sellers,...
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These Arms Of Mine - Let's Face Facts (7inch, 45rpm) James Carr: These Arms Of Mine - Let's Face Facts (7inch,... Art-Nr.: 45DS08

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(2018/ACE) 2 tracks Many people’s favourite soul singer James Carr sings two classic southern soul songs that were discovered among Goldwax’s tapes some years back and now appear on a single for the first time. ‘These Arms Of Mine’ is an...
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Tropical Soul, Funk & Kaiso - Cree Records Bundle (Vinyl) Various: Tropical Soul, Funk & Kaiso - Cree Records... Art-Nr.: LPCREEBUNDLE4

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(Cree Records) Bundle Various - Cree Records: Nappy - Music Man - Funk, Disco & Calypso From Trinidad 1975-1981(2-LP - 7inch) Lancelot Layne: Blow Way (2-LP - 7inch) Mansa Musa: Hold On To The Faith (180g Vinyl) Jeffrey Turpin & His...
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Do You Wanna Do A Thing? (CD) Bloodstone: Do You Wanna Do A Thing? (CD) Art-Nr.: CDCCM2056

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(Collectors' Choice) 8 Tracks (36:12) - New edition of their classic album from 1976!
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Steel A Little Love - Version (7inch, 45rpm, BC, CS) Gregory Isaacs: Steel A Little Love - Version (7inch, 45rpm,... Art-Nr.: 45DSRLJ047

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A - Steel A Little Love B - Version
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Sweet Little Angel - Treat Me Right (7inch, 45rpm, BC, CS) The Conquerors: Sweet Little Angel - Treat Me Right (7inch,... Art-Nr.: 45DSR-SP7-08

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A - Sweet Little Angel B - Treat Me Right
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The Levi's 501 Hits - Volume 2 (CD) Various: The Levi's 501 Hits - Volume 2 (CD) Art-Nr.: CD31541

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(EastWest) 14 Tracks - Part 2 of the legendary compilation of hits used in the German Levi's 501 TV commercials of Levi Strauss Germany GmbH in cooperation with the Time-Warner Group 1992! Club Edition!
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Live (CD) Lou Rawls: Live (CD) Art-Nr.: CD47755323

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(Capitol) 10 tracks This jewel from 1966 was recorded in the studio in front of an invited audience. Rawls has an excellent voice supported only by Herb Ellis, Tommy Strode, Jimmy Bond and Earl Palmer. His versions of Blues gems by...
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The Weekend Starts Here! (LP, 10inch, Ltd.) Various: The Weekend Starts Here! (LP, 10inch, Ltd.) Art-Nr.: LPSTAG125

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(Stag-O-Lee) 12 Tracks - Strictly limited to 500 copies! The popcorn genre was born at the end of the 60's in Belgium and had its climax in a converted disco farm called De Oude Hoeve in a small village near Antwerp. Every Sunday...
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The Crazy Rhythms Of Mata Hari (2-LP) Various: The Crazy Rhythms Of Mata Hari (2-LP) Art-Nr.: LPSTAG099

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(Stag-O-Lee) 32 Tracks Deep in the Mississippi Delta lie the roots of Blues and Soul. In Memphis, Tennessee - a mysterious place for all music lovers- the cradle of Rock'n'Roll is rocking to the rhythm of the "muddy old river". Right...
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First Hits (LP) Stevie Wonder: First Hits (LP) Art-Nr.: LP152038

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(Duchesee Records) 16 tracks, incl. Little Stevie Wonder
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Detroit - Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (CD) Various: Detroit - Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (CD) Art-Nr.: CD898163

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(Motown) 14 tracks The greatest hits of that time are included on 14 tracks, including songs by Martha Reeves, The Dramatics, Marvin Gaye, The Roots and John Coltraine - and many more!
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Naino - Spanish Gipsy Soul Funk Disco 1974-1984 (LP, Ltd.) Various: Naino - Spanish Gipsy Soul Funk Disco 1974-1984... Art-Nr.: LPADC003

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(Adarce Records) 14 tracks - Original 'Belter', 'Discophon' and 'Olympic' recordings from the 1970s and 1980s
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Studio Recordings From 1961 - 1970 (LP) Various: Studio Recordings From 1961 - 1970 (LP) Art-Nr.: LPLQ057

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(Liquidator Music) 17 tracks It was to be expected that. sooner or later. someone would give recognition to these two key artists, central to understanding Jamaican music and its evolution. For some time, all over th, world. thousands of...
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Guys Go Pop! 1965 (CD) Various: Guys Go Pop! 1965 (CD) Art-Nr.: CDTV1017

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(Teensville) 26 tracks. Showcases obscurities from male singers trying to score a hit in the year where anything seemed possible to top the Billboard charts. This collection features rarities from the likes of prior hit-makers The...
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Guys Go Pop! Vol.II 1966-67 (CD) Various: Guys Go Pop! Vol.II 1966-67 (CD) Art-Nr.: CDTV1021

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(Teensville) 31 tracks. Guys Go Pop! Volume II! features rare and obscure tracks by artists such as teen idols should-have-been Arnie Corrado, Jimmy Boyd and Peter Courtney. Also in the spotlight are more familiar artists with songs that...
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Guys Go Pop! Vol.3 1963-1965 (CD) Various: Guys Go Pop! Vol.3 1963-1965 (CD) Art-Nr.: CDTV1027

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(Teensville) 33 tracks. The third installment of Teensville's Guys Go Pop! series focuses on the years 1963, 1964 and 1965. 33 professionally written, arranged and produced songs – they all could have been hits. 1963 was the last...
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Marvin Gaye - 3 Original CDs (3-CD) Marvin Gaye: Marvin Gaye - 3 Original CDs (3-CD) Art-Nr.: CD089682

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(Spectrum) 56 tracks CD set from the late Soul great containing a trio of full-length releases housed together in one package: I Heard I Through The Grapevine, Marvin Gaye & Friends (a compilation of duets) and Tamla/Motown Early Classics.
$26.95
For This I Thank You - Motown R&B, Popcorn And Rock'n'Roll (3-CD) Various: For This I Thank You - Motown R&B, Popcorn And... Art-Nr.: CD001821

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(Fantastic Voyage) 89 tracks
$13.99
The New Orleans Hit Story (2-CD) Various: The New Orleans Hit Story (2-CD) Art-Nr.: CD310221

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(Charly) 54 tracks - 20 years of big easy hits 1950-1970!
$21.55
Merry Christmas From Jackie Wilson (CD) Jackie Wilson: Merry Christmas From Jackie Wilson (CD) Art-Nr.: CD57428

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(Rhino) 12 tracks
$37.75
Been Meaning To Tell You (LP, 180g Vinyl) Ina Forsman: Been Meaning To Tell You (LP, 180g Vinyl) Art-Nr.: LPRUF2051

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(Ruf Records) 12 Tracks - This is the second appointment that gives us the beautiful Ina Forsman, and as the previous time we are under the spell. Not to mention Ina Forsman with Helge Tallqvist Band and Blues Caravan 2016! All the...
$23.71
Classic Album And Singles Collection (3-CD) Sam Cooke: Classic Album And Singles Collection (3-CD) Art-Nr.: CDGSS5641

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(Golden Stars) 40 tracks
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Black Velvet (CD) Charles Bradley: Black Velvet (CD) Art-Nr.: CDDAP054

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(Daptone) 10 tracks, digipack November 5, 2018 would have been Charles Bradley's 70th birthday. To celebrate his extraordinary life, Daptone Imprint Dunham Records is proud to release his fourth and final album, Black Velvet. Black...
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Black Velvet (LP) Charles Bradley: Black Velvet (LP) Art-Nr.: LPDUN1007

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(Daptone) 10 tracks incl. MP3 Download Card November 5, 2018 would have been Charles Bradley's 70th birthday. To celebrate his extraordinary life, Daptone Imprint Dunham Records is proud to release his fourth and final album, Black...
$20.47
A Diamond In The Rough (CD) Mighty Sam McClain: A Diamond In The Rough (CD) Art-Nr.: CDAQ1060

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(Sledgehammer Blues) 11 tracks, digipack For nearly 60 years, Samuel McClain (1943-2015) touched the hearts and souls of fans around the world with his mighty voice. On these final recordings - stripped down and backed by not much more...
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Back To The River - More Southern Soul Stories 1961-1978 (3-CD) Various: Back To The River - More Southern Soul Stories... Art-Nr.: CDKENTBOX18

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(Ace Records) 75 tracks, 64-page booklet 75 Southern soul masterpieces, told from three different perspectives. Muscle Shoals-Memphis Redux Southern Routes Going Back Home
$37.75
The Complete ABC/Dunhill Singles (2-CD) The Four Tops: The Complete ABC/Dunhill Singles (2-CD) Art-Nr.: CDRGM0790

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(Real Gone Music) 33 tracks
$23.71
Dinah 63 (LP) Dinah Washington: Dinah 63 (LP) Art-Nr.: LPROU1014

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(EMI UK) 12 tracks - Re-issue of the original 1963 'Roulette' LP album - Rare and hard-to-find pressing Here is a quality that marks a great singer out from all the others. It's not just a matter of musicianship, of the T way the voice...
$26.95
The Real Thing (CD) Betty Everett: The Real Thing (CD) Art-Nr.: CD082333

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(Charly Records) 22 tracks, original Vee Jay recordings
$16.15
Twist And Shout (CD) The Isley Brothers: Twist And Shout (CD) Art-Nr.: CD013048

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(Hoodo Records) 27 tracks, the album twist and shout and 15 bonus tracks
$10.75
Take Me To The River - Greatest Hits Vol.2 (LP) Al Green: Take Me To The River - Greatest Hits Vol.2 (LP) Art-Nr.: LPHIUK438

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(Hi Records) 14 tracks - Original 1969 to 1977 'Hi' recordings
$16.15
Swamp's Things (CD) SWAMP DOGG: Swamp's Things (CD) Art-Nr.: CD14475

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(Westside) 20 tracks, the complete calla recordings
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Aretha Gospel (LP) Aretha Franklin: Aretha Gospel (LP) Art-Nr.: LPCH9105

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(Checker Records) 9 tracks - Recorded in 1956 at the 'New Bethel Baptist Church' in Detroit, Michigan
$19.39
Golden Classics (LP) FRIENDS OF DISTINCTION: Golden Classics (LP) Art-Nr.: LPCOL5102

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(Collectables) 12 tracks - Originally sealed 'Collectables' compilation - Soul from the 1970s, recorded for the 'RCA' label
$19.39
Little Jerry Williams Anthology (CD) SWAMP DOGG: Little Jerry Williams Anthology (CD) Art-Nr.: CD194228

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(S.D.E.G. Records) 28 tracks, 1954-1969
$21.55
Cover Me - The Eddie Hinton Songbook (CD) Various: Cover Me - The Eddie Hinton Songbook (CD) Art-Nr.: CDTOP1535

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(Ace Records) 24 tracks, mono, 22-page booklet British collection. The Ace Songwriter Series continues with a package of two dozen musical delights penned by the late Eddie Hinton. A cult hero among those who know and love their Muscle...
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She's A Doll! - Warner Bros.' Feminine Side (CD) Various: She's A Doll! - Warner Bros.' Feminine Side (CD) Art-Nr.: CDTOP1532

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(Ace Records) 24 tracks, mono, 20-page booklet This addition to the Ace Records catalogue includes polished soul, pop and more jewels from the 1960s Warner Bros. women's register and the company's Loma subsidiary. The CD begins with...
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Superstar Series, Vol.11 (LP) Martha & The Vandellas: Superstar Series, Vol.11 (LP) Art-Nr.: LPM5111X

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(Motown) 11 tracks - Original recordings - Originally sealed LP album from 1980 - Cut-out LP
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Let's Get It On ... plus (2-LP, 180g Vinyl) Marvin Gaye: Let's Get It On ... plus (2-LP, 180g Vinyl) Art-Nr.: LP900310

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(Vinyl Lovers) 23 tracks - Deluxe edition of the original 1973 LP album - Originally sealed copy - Gatefold sleeve
$30.19
Soul Flowers Of Titan (CD) Barrence Whitfield: Soul Flowers Of Titan (CD) Art-Nr.: CDBS258

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(Bloodshot) 12 tracks. A cocktail of R&B, rockabilly and punk.
$19.39
The Atlantic Singles Collection 1967-1970 (2-LP) Aretha Franklin: The Atlantic Singles Collection 1967-1970 (2-LP) Art-Nr.: LPRN785804

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(Warner/Rhino) 25 tracks - Original 'Atlantic' recordings taken from the original tapes
$32.35
Close But No Cigar (CD) Delvon Lamarr Organ Trio: Close But No Cigar (CD) Art-Nr.: CDCLMN12019

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(Colemine Records) 10 tracks, digipack The debut album from Seattle's Delvon Lamarr Organ Trio. The group channels old-school organ combos like The Meters and Booker T & The MGs, but are making it fresh and feel new again! We couldn't be...
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Stripped of their cultural heritage through slavery, the early Afro-Americans found the Church the only institution able to explain and mollify their new position. The simple life-after-death theology, delivered through par­able preaching and inspirational singing, enabled the Black Churches to flourish through the 19th century. They `Afri­canized' the early Anglican hymns in aural transmission, transmuting and reassembling them into the Negro Spirituals — the call and unison response of 'Swing Low, Sweet Chariot', the long sustained melody of 'Nobody Knows The Trouble' and the syncopated claprhythmic 'Shout All Over God's Heaven'.

The early 20th century upsurge of fundamental, sancti­fied and holiness churches in the dehumanizing industrial ghettos brought ecstatic, testifying shouts, holy dancing and musical instruments into church music. Reflecting this, the pre-depression recording boom waxed a wide range of styles of religious material, from Rev. J. M. Gates' short sermons and answering congregation, to the piano-playing evangelist singer, Arizona Dranes, to the religious blues of guitarist Blind Willie Johnson and the ruggedly harmonised versions of the spirituals by Jubilee Quartets like the Golden Gate and the Norfolk Quartets.

In the Thirties, traditional spirituals were supplanted by new gospel material. Earlier, Rev. Charles A. Tindley had published 'Stand By Me' and 'Understand It Better By and By' and Lucie Campbell produced 'Something Within Me' and 'In The Upper Room', but Thomas A. Dorsey (aka Georgia Tom) is regarded as the Father of Gospel Music. In 1932, he co-founded the National Convention of Gospel Singers which promoted the spread of material like his own `Precious Lord' and 'Peace In The Valley'. With performers like Sallie Martin, Roberta Martin and Mahalia Jackson pushing them, the sentimental, optimistic blue-note ridden gospel numbers swept the nation, finding white acceptance through artists like Red Foley and the Stamps-Baxter Quar­tet.

Though Mahalia was the 'Gospel Queen', others were important. Willie Mae Ford Smith, an instructress at Dor­sey's Conventions, taught many younger singers, like Brother Joe May, the improvising slurs, note bending and rephrasing techniques of gospel, while Sister Rosetta Tharpe took the gospelly blues 'This Train' into the race charts.

 

The golden age for gospel began in 1945.

New independent recording labels like Apollo, King and Specialty prospered issuing gospel material, radio stations featured early morning and Sunday gospel shows and the gospel highway of one-night theatre stands, church benefits and anniversary programmes, was thick with travelling groups. Run by matriarch Gertrude, the Famous Ward Singers, who used daughter Clara's arrangements, Marion Williams' solos and Rev. W. Herbert Brewster's material like `Move On Up A Little Higher' and their rivals, Albertina Walker's Caravans, who nurtured current solo stars including Shirley Caesar, Inez Andrews, Dorothy Norwood, and, more briefly, James Cleveland and Bessie Griffin, featured strong emotional lead singers in front of imaginative background harmonies, usu­ally accompanied by simple piano or organ lines. Clara Ward exerted a considerable stylistic influence on the young

Aretha Franklin, whose first recordings were made in her father's (Rev. C. L. Franklin) New Bethel Church. Others, like the Consolers with ethereal guitar and organ-backed versions of 'heart warming spiritual hymns' like `Waiting For My Child' and the early Staple Singers, of the hillbilly harmony 'Will The Circle Be Unbroken', appealed more to southern audiences.

Male acappella 'quartets' were also developing. Using gos­pel material and a second tenor to complete the four part harmony behind the high clear tenor voice of Rebert Harris, the Soul Stirrers gave gospel and—through Sam Cooke—soul music, one of its lasting styles. Likewise, the contrast of Claude Jeter's falsetto and the harsh shouter leads of the Swan Silvertones presaged the Temptations, while the devil-demolishing ecstatic screams of the Five Blind Boys' Archie Brownlee were picked up by the young James Brown, whose stage movements could be a parody of the frenzied move­ment of Ira Tucker of the Dixie Hummingbirds.

The end of acappella came with the addition of guitarists, like Howard Carroll of the Dixie Hummingbirds, and in the Sixties popular groups like the Mighty Clouds Of Joy and the Violinaires used falsetto harmony behind the preaching lead voices of Joe Ligon and Robert Blair respectively. Now the instrumentation of gospel groups can be as full as soul groups, enabling the Rance Allen Group to rework secular hits, alongside the smooth jubilee hymns of the Harmonising Four or the cool sophisticated homophonic Voices-Supreme.

James Cleveland's 'Love Of God' with the Voices Of Tabernacle and 'Peace Be Still' with the Angelic Choir in the Sixties ushered in the era of choirs and soloists, with his Gospel Music Convention promoting large interdenomina­tional choirs, and the surprising pop success of the Edwin Hawkins Singers' Oh Happy Day'.

Stripped of their cultural heritage through slavery, the early Afro-Americans found the Church the only institution able to explain and mollify their new position. The simple life-after-death... read more »
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Gospel Music

Stripped of their cultural heritage through slavery, the early Afro-Americans found the Church the only institution able to explain and mollify their new position. The simple life-after-death theology, delivered through par­able preaching and inspirational singing, enabled the Black Churches to flourish through the 19th century. They `Afri­canized' the early Anglican hymns in aural transmission, transmuting and reassembling them into the Negro Spirituals — the call and unison response of 'Swing Low, Sweet Chariot', the long sustained melody of 'Nobody Knows The Trouble' and the syncopated claprhythmic 'Shout All Over God's Heaven'.

The early 20th century upsurge of fundamental, sancti­fied and holiness churches in the dehumanizing industrial ghettos brought ecstatic, testifying shouts, holy dancing and musical instruments into church music. Reflecting this, the pre-depression recording boom waxed a wide range of styles of religious material, from Rev. J. M. Gates' short sermons and answering congregation, to the piano-playing evangelist singer, Arizona Dranes, to the religious blues of guitarist Blind Willie Johnson and the ruggedly harmonised versions of the spirituals by Jubilee Quartets like the Golden Gate and the Norfolk Quartets.

In the Thirties, traditional spirituals were supplanted by new gospel material. Earlier, Rev. Charles A. Tindley had published 'Stand By Me' and 'Understand It Better By and By' and Lucie Campbell produced 'Something Within Me' and 'In The Upper Room', but Thomas A. Dorsey (aka Georgia Tom) is regarded as the Father of Gospel Music. In 1932, he co-founded the National Convention of Gospel Singers which promoted the spread of material like his own `Precious Lord' and 'Peace In The Valley'. With performers like Sallie Martin, Roberta Martin and Mahalia Jackson pushing them, the sentimental, optimistic blue-note ridden gospel numbers swept the nation, finding white acceptance through artists like Red Foley and the Stamps-Baxter Quar­tet.

Though Mahalia was the 'Gospel Queen', others were important. Willie Mae Ford Smith, an instructress at Dor­sey's Conventions, taught many younger singers, like Brother Joe May, the improvising slurs, note bending and rephrasing techniques of gospel, while Sister Rosetta Tharpe took the gospelly blues 'This Train' into the race charts.

 

The golden age for gospel began in 1945.

New independent recording labels like Apollo, King and Specialty prospered issuing gospel material, radio stations featured early morning and Sunday gospel shows and the gospel highway of one-night theatre stands, church benefits and anniversary programmes, was thick with travelling groups. Run by matriarch Gertrude, the Famous Ward Singers, who used daughter Clara's arrangements, Marion Williams' solos and Rev. W. Herbert Brewster's material like `Move On Up A Little Higher' and their rivals, Albertina Walker's Caravans, who nurtured current solo stars including Shirley Caesar, Inez Andrews, Dorothy Norwood, and, more briefly, James Cleveland and Bessie Griffin, featured strong emotional lead singers in front of imaginative background harmonies, usu­ally accompanied by simple piano or organ lines. Clara Ward exerted a considerable stylistic influence on the young

Aretha Franklin, whose first recordings were made in her father's (Rev. C. L. Franklin) New Bethel Church. Others, like the Consolers with ethereal guitar and organ-backed versions of 'heart warming spiritual hymns' like `Waiting For My Child' and the early Staple Singers, of the hillbilly harmony 'Will The Circle Be Unbroken', appealed more to southern audiences.

Male acappella 'quartets' were also developing. Using gos­pel material and a second tenor to complete the four part harmony behind the high clear tenor voice of Rebert Harris, the Soul Stirrers gave gospel and—through Sam Cooke—soul music, one of its lasting styles. Likewise, the contrast of Claude Jeter's falsetto and the harsh shouter leads of the Swan Silvertones presaged the Temptations, while the devil-demolishing ecstatic screams of the Five Blind Boys' Archie Brownlee were picked up by the young James Brown, whose stage movements could be a parody of the frenzied move­ment of Ira Tucker of the Dixie Hummingbirds.

The end of acappella came with the addition of guitarists, like Howard Carroll of the Dixie Hummingbirds, and in the Sixties popular groups like the Mighty Clouds Of Joy and the Violinaires used falsetto harmony behind the preaching lead voices of Joe Ligon and Robert Blair respectively. Now the instrumentation of gospel groups can be as full as soul groups, enabling the Rance Allen Group to rework secular hits, alongside the smooth jubilee hymns of the Harmonising Four or the cool sophisticated homophonic Voices-Supreme.

James Cleveland's 'Love Of God' with the Voices Of Tabernacle and 'Peace Be Still' with the Angelic Choir in the Sixties ushered in the era of choirs and soloists, with his Gospel Music Convention promoting large interdenomina­tional choirs, and the surprising pop success of the Edwin Hawkins Singers' Oh Happy Day'.

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