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The Lecuona Cuban Boys Volume Four (CD)

Volume Four (CD)
 
 
 

catalog number: CDHQ26

weight in Kg 0,100

 

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The Lecuona Cuban Boys: Volume Four (CD)

(1993/Harlequin) 20 tracks

The recordings and the history of the Lecuona Cuban Boys have been thoroughly detailed in earlier Harlequin CDs (07,11, 21) but half of this new CD completes a hitherto undocumented void; the recordings made by the group soon after their arrival in Spain in 1932 and before they recorded in England in 1934, where they used for the first time the name by which they became known throughout the world. Once again, let noted Cuban Boys researcher, Kimmo Luomanmaki set the scene. The story of the Lecuona Cuban Boys is closely linked to the great Cuban composer Ernesto Lecuona. In early 1930 most of the members of the future LCB were part of the Orquesta LeBatard-Palau. In late 1931 these musicians left LeBatard-Palau and created a band of their own which performed with great success in Teatro Encanto in Havana; according to the location the band was called Orquesta Encanto. In 1931 Ernestina Lecuona, sister of Ernesto, highly acclaimed the orchestra to her brother who, upon her return from the U.S., engaged the band. During 1931-32 Ernesto and Ernestina Lecuona and the orchestra toured Cuban provinces, performing Lecuona's zarzuelas as well as solo and duo piano recitals. Before this, in early 1931, Lecuona was invited to compose music for a MGM movie "Cuban Love Song" in Hollywood. Interestingly, the music in the film was played by Orquesta Hermanos Palau, which probably included other former musicians of the LeBatard-Palau organization. Up to the 1940's, both Orquesta Hermanos Palau and Orquesta Hermanos LeBatard remained successful bands, mostly playing and recording in Havana. The Palau band included Julio Cuevas as the lead trumpeter in the early 1940's.

In early 1932 Lecuona left for a concert tour in Spain [his third, having toured in 1920 and 1924], together with soprano Maria Fantoli. Before departure Lecuona promised to call his band, now called Orquesta Lecuona, to join him later in Spain in order to enlarge the repertoire of his concerts and to introduce Cuban popular music. A few months later, the band together with Maruja Gonzales, Miguel de Grandy, Carmen Burguete and dancers Grecia y Mario, arrived in Santander. At the very last minute the pianist Luciano Palau decided to stay in Cuba, and Armando Orefiche was engaged instead. Upon arrival in Spain, they engaged Jesus Bertomeu, trombone and violin. The Orquesta Lecuona opened at the Teatro Figaro in Madrid on 12 October 1932, with great success, followed by equally successful tours throughout Spain. A measure of this success was that they were recording for Spanish HMV within three weeks of the opening night. Perhaps Lecuona had already shrewdly booked a four-title session for Monday 31st October. If so, it certainly went well enough to come back the next day for six more. The first session opened with RAPSODIA TROPICAL

 

Songs

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Artikeleigenschaften von The Lecuona Cuban Boys: Volume Four (CD)

  • Interpret: The Lecuona Cuban Boys

  • Albumtitel: Volume Four (CD)

  • Format CD
  • Genre Pop

  • Music Genre Pop
  • Music Style Latin
  • Music Sub-Genre 287 Latin
  • Title ​(1993/Harlequin) 20 tracks
  • Release date 1993
  • Label INTERSTATE

  • SubGenre Pop - Vocal Pop

  • EAN: 0008637202620

  • weight in Kg 0.100
 
 

Artist description "Lecuona Cuban Boys"

The Lecuona Cuban Boys

The Lecuona Cuban Boys commenced in 1932 and were still performing more than forty years later. During the 1930s they were the toast of Europe and left a large and valued legacy of recordings. The story of the Lecuona Cuban Boys which follows is from interviews in 1978 with two of the founder members of the Cuban Boys, brothers Agustin and Gerardo Bruguera by Finnish collector-enthusiast, Dr. Kimmo Luomanmaki. The story really begins early in 1930, when the Brugueras and pianist, Armando Orefiche were members of the Orquestas Los Hermanos LeBatard-Palau. Late in 1931, together with "Jaruco" Vazquez and a few others, they formed their own band: the Orquesta Encanto. This was the group which became Ernest Lecuona's Orquesta Cubana. Maestro Lecuona (before we met him) was in Hollywood, writing the music for the film 'Cuban Love Song', with the famous baritone Lawrence Tibbett. At that time our band had been playing at the Teatro Encanto in Havana for a year, taking its name from the theatre. Orquesta Encanto was very popular with the teenagers. Ernestina Lecuona (his sister), also a concert pianist and composer, wrote to Ernesto telling him about the success of our band. It was like love at first sight! Lecuona came from Hollywood and that was the beginning of our friendship, fraternal and perfect collaboration through the years until he died (1963).

 

We played with Lecuona through 1931 at theatres in Havana and the provinces, mostly at orchestra pits with Lecuona operettas like 'Maria La 0, 'El Cafetal', 'Rumba Musulmana' and 'Rosa La China' At that time the band was called Orquesta Lecuona. The organization was co-operative with income and losses equally divided. Everyone in the band had a job besides that of musician; they were in charge of travel, public relations, publicity, finance, etc. The original band, which can be heard on the 1930s recordings, comprised:
Educardo Barrenechea: bass Jesus Bertomeu: trombone Agustin Bruguera: drums, timbales, conga, singer Gerardo Bruguera: tenor sax, clarinet Fernando Diaz: trumpet, guitar, violin (engaged 1934) Jorge Dominguez: alto sax, clarinet, violin Daniel Gonzdles: alto sax, clarinet, violin Guillermo HernC:indez: guitar, tumba, guiro, maracas
Armando "Fichin" Orefiche: piano, composer, arranger Adalberto "Chiquito" Orefiche: tenor sax, bongo (engaged 1935) Alberto Rabagliati: singer (engaged 1934) Enrique Lopez Rivero: trumpet (1932-34) Ernesto "Jaruco" Vdzquez: trumpet, guitar, composer, arranger
Later trumpeters included Fernando Diaz (who replaced Rivero) and Luis Escalante, who joined Armando Orefiche's Havana Cuban Boys, when he split from the Lecuona Cuban Boys. Later, high note specialist Saul Torres, from San Salvador, was featured with "Jaruco", where they can be heard on Mambo De Jaruco (Harlequin HQ CD 07 Lecuona Cuban Boys Vol. 2).

 

Ernesto Lecuona was a technically highly talented pianist. The Bruguera brothers recalled a concert in 1932 in Matanzas province in Cuba. We arrived with Lecuona and his sister to give a concert. The first part of the programme was by Lecuona and Ernestina; classic music and Lecuona compositions. The second part was Lecuona and the orchestra. Just before the concert, Lecuona noticed that one of the two grand pianos was tuned normal but the other was tuned half a tone lower. We thought that the concert had to be cancelled but Lecuona said, "Don't worry." He said to his sister, "You, Ernestina, will play the piano tuned normal and I will transpose the whole concert." Is it not unbelievable? The concert was a success and nobody noticed the prowess that Lecuona did. During this tour, Lecuona received a contract to give a series of piano concerts in Spain, and in Paris at the Salle Pleyel. He left us at the beginning of 1932 promising us he would take the band to Spain at the first oppor-tunity. After a few months we got a telegram and the tickets for the German boat, 'Karlsruhe', which was sailing one week later, Havana-Santander. Practically without money, suitcases, or passports we arrived in Spain. Only one member of the Orquesta Encanto remained behind in Cuba. That was the depression years — Wall Street bankruptcy and misery. Lecuona fixed everything with the Cuban Ambassador in Madrid and we got passports etc, and this began the two-year tour of Spain. In 1934 Lecuona got very sick with pneumonia; it was a cold winter. The doctors said he would die before midnight. After the crisis, the doctors said, "Go to Cuba, to the tropics, or you are going to die in Madrid." The concerts given by Lecuona and "Su Orquesta Cubana" consisted of two elements: Lecuona playing his solo piano compositions and the band playing Cuban popular music. Contrary to most encyclopedias, Ernesto Lecuona never played as a pianist in the band.

 

This chair was occupied by Armando Orefiche, also a productive composer. He was born in Havana in 1911 and had a formal classical piano back-ground. Lecuona called his musicians as boys and the band got its name "Lecuona Cuban Boys" in 1934 with Lecuona's blessing upon his return to Cuba. The band wanted to "conquer Europe" and so it did, with Armando Orefiche and trumpetist Ernesto "Jaruco" Vazquez as main musical leaders. After the two years touring Spain, an ex-director (Mr. Vermel) of the Paris Moulin Rouge got interested in the L.C.B. in Madrid and took us to Venice, Italy, in the summer of 1934, to the Excelsior Hotel at the Lido. Our manager, Mr Vermel, one day at the Lido told us, "Amigos, your dream has come true. We will open at the A.B.C. theatre in Paris next October!" That was the biggest success ever of the Lecuona Cuban Boys. The opening night, at the end of the show, we had to play six encores... the people in the audience, yelling, standing up, applauding like mad, asking for more, more and more. Our dressing room was full of people and impressarios. That same night our manager signed many contracts —terrific contracts that took us to the best hotels, clubs and theatres of Europe, and Columbia Records. The golden years of the Lecuona Cuban Boys had begun after the big success at the Paris A.B.C. The irony of the situation was that our manager did not tell us the truth...

 
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